Lincoln's Proclamation and the End of Slavery," is written by
renowned Lincoln scholar and author Allen C. Guelzo, who has written
"Abraham Lincoln: Redeemer President" and "Lincoln's Emancipation
Proclamation: The End of Slavery in America."
In the journal article, Guelzo
examines Lincoln as a politically savvy leader who is committed to
emancipation but carefully weighs the best way to achieve it. Guelzo
addresses the modern criticisms that the Emancipation Proclamation
didn't go far enough, or wasn't issued soon enough, by arguing that
the proclamation was part of an ongoing process by a president
committed to freeing African-Americans held in slavery.
Hamlet Ferguson, a southern
Illinois settler who made a name for himself in the history of early
Illinois, is the subject of another article.
Ferguson migrated to Golconda
(in what is now Illinois) from Kentucky in 1796. He quickly rose in
political prominence, serving as justice of the peace, a major in
the militia and organizer of the new county of Johnson. Ferguson was
selected a justice and sheriff of both Johnson and Pope counties. He
was elected a Pope County delegate to the 1818 constitutional
convention that would lead directly to Illinois being admitted as a
Ferguson's contribution to the
early history of southern Illinois is recognized by the town of
Hamletsburg in Pope County.
The article was written by
Gillum Ferguson -- no relation to Hamlet -- an assistant U.S.
attorney in Chicago.
The westward migration and
displacement of Native Americans during Ulysses S. Grant's tenure as
president are the subject of another article.
While in California and Oregon
as an Army officer in 1852-1854, Grant observed gold-digging
squatters displacing Indians and wrote to his wife, "It is really my
opinion that the whole race (American Indians) would be harmless and
peaceable if they were not put upon by the whites."
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column in this article]
Later, as commander of Union
armies during the Civil War and eventually as president, Grant
implemented policies that virtually ended the nomadic lifestyle of
the western Indian nations but possibly saved them from total
annihilation. President Grant, having seen what happened in the
eastern United States, felt placing western Indians on reservations
was the only way to help them survive.
Assisting Grant during his
struggle with the Indian question was Ely S. Parker, a full-blooded
Iroquois Indian whom Grant had met in Galena and who served on
Grant's staff in the Civil War and later as President Grant's
commissioner of the Office of Indian Affairs.
The article was written by
Scott L. Stabler, a doctoral candidate in history at Arizona State
University who recently completed a research and editing fellowship
with the "Papers of Abraham Lincoln," a project of the Illinois
Historic Preservation Agency.
Journal of Illinois History
is the foremost publication for readers who value documented
research on the state's history. It features articles, book reviews,
essays and bibliographies that have been reviewed by some of the
country's leading historians.
The journal is published by the
Illinois Historic Preservation Agency. Subscriptions are $18 per
year for four issues.
obtain a sample copy, contact Illinois Historic Preservation Agency,
Publications Section, 1 Old State Capitol Plaza, Springfield, IL
62701; or call (217) 524-6045.
Historic Preservation Agency