"The history of the Lincoln Tomb is in a way as complex as the life
of Mr. Lincoln himself," said ALPLM Executive Director Rick Beard.
"Through historic photos and artifacts, this exhibit will show in
great detail how this historic site has changed over the years."
Among the artifacts on display:
including the mourning sash worn by Gen. Grant
Burglary tools used
during the 1876 attempt to steal Lincoln's body
from all stages of the tomb's history, including the original
building, 1900 remodeling, 1930 remodeling, and vandalism in the
1980s and '90s
Photos of famous
visitors over the years
The exhibit runs through March 25.
Timeline for Lincoln Tomb
April 14, 1865 -- Abraham and Mary Lincoln attend Ford's Theatre
for a performance of "Our American Cousin." John Wilkes Booth shoots
April 15, 1865 -- Abraham Lincoln dies at 7:22 a.m. in
Washington, D.C. City of Springfield, Ill., issues resolution
requesting Lincoln's remains to be buried in his hometown.
April 17, 1865 -- Mary Lincoln consents to have her husband be
buried in Springfield.
April 24, 1865 -- Committee of nine members selected to supervise
the funeral arrangements in Springfield appoints a group of 13 to
constitute the Lincoln Monument Association. Work begun on temporary
vault on the Mather property.
May 11, 1865 -- The group of 13 formally incorporates as the
National Lincoln Monument Association.
May 3, 1865 -- Abraham and Willie Lincoln's remains arrive in
Springfield. The president's remains are placed on public viewing in
the State House.
May 4, 1865 -- At noon, the casket is closed and placed in a
hearse for transport to Oak Ridge Cemetery. The remains of Abraham
Lincoln and William Wallace Lincoln are placed in the temporary
vault at Oak Ridge Cemetery.
June 1865 -- First formal solicitation for the National Lincoln
Monument Association made by sending out form letters. All Sabbath
schools across the United States are asked to take up a collection
for the Lincoln Tomb on the second Sunday of June.
June 5, 1865 -- Mary Lincoln sends letter to the National Lincoln
Monument Association insisting on building the tomb at Oak Ridge
Cemetery and not the Mather property.
June 14, 1865 -- By a vote of 8-7, the association agrees to Mrs.
Lincoln's wishes. The city of Springfield donates 6 acres of land,
and work begins on a temporary vault.
Dec. 19-21, 1865 -- Mary Lincoln and Robert Todd Lincoln are in
Springfield to inspect the temporary vault. Abraham and Willie's
remains are relocated into the new vault. Lincoln's casket is opened
and six of his personal acquaintances attest to the corpse being
that of Abraham Lincoln. This begins the policy of maintaining an
unbroken chain of identity until the final burial of Lincoln.
December 1866 -- The National Lincoln Monument Association raised
$75,000 of the $250,000 needed for construction of the monument.
May 1867 -- The General Assembly of the state of Illinois passes
bill providing $50,000 toward the construction of the Lincoln Tomb.
Jan. 2, 1868 -- The National Lincoln Monument Association, having
raised $134,000, initiates a national design contest. The winning
designer will receive $1,000, and the total cost of construction may
not exceed $200,000.
Jan. 24, 1868 -- The National Lincoln Monument Association issues
final national solicitation for construction funds.
Sept. 1-10, 1868 -- The 37 designs submitted for consideration
are on public display in the State House (now the Old State
Sept. 11, 1868 -- Larkin Mead is selected as the winner of the
design competition. His design consisted of a granite obelisk with a
bronze figure of Lincoln and four bronze groupings of the various
branches of service.
Sept. 9, 1869 -- Ground broken for the construction of the
March 7, 1871 -- Richard Oglesby visits William H. Seward in
Auburn, N.Y., to extend invitation to speak at the dedication of the
Lincoln monument. Seward, in poor health, declines.
May 11, 1871 -- Sharon Tyndale, one of the board members on the
National Lincoln Monument Association, is shot outside his
Springfield house. The crime is never solved.
May 22, 1871 -- Capstone placed on top of shaft.
July 15, 1871 -- Thomas "Tad" Lincoln dies in Chicago.
July 17, 1871 -- Tad Lincoln's remains returned to Springfield
and placed in one of the crypts in the new tomb.
Sept. 19, 1871 -- Five members of the National Lincoln Monument
Association view Lincoln's remains as they are moved from the
temporary vault to the monument vault. Lincoln's body is removed
from the wooden casket and placed in a metallic casket.
Oct. 1, 1871 -- Construction of the Lincoln monument complete
except for the placement of the bronze statues.
Dec. 8, 1871 -- J. Young Scammon of Chicago pledges to raise the
$13,700 to cast the bronze infantry group.
March 13, 1872 -- Former New York Gov. E.D. Morgan pledges to
raise the $13,700 for the bronze naval group.
July 24, 1874 -- The National Lincoln Monument Association
announces that the dedication of the monument will occur on Oct. 15,
Aug. 18, 1874 -- Springfield citizens raise $3,000 to cover costs
for dedication events.
Oct. 9, 1874 -- Lincoln's body is viewed again, removed from the
metal casket and placed in a red cedar coffin with a lead lining.
The casket is placed in a white marble sarcophagus.
Oct. 10, 1874 -- Ames Foundry in Chicopee, Mass., completes naval
group using bronze from 65 Civil War-era cannons donated by the
United States government. They are ready to begin on infantry
Oct. 15, 1874 -- Formal dedication of the Lincoln Tomb occurs,
with President Grant in attendance. Larkin Mead's bronze statue of
Lincoln the Emancipator is unveiled.
[to top of second column]
Oct. 28, 1874 -- The National Lincoln Monument Association hires
John Carroll Power as first custodian of the monument.
1874 -- The Lincoln Tomb is opened to the public.
Fall 1875 -- Naval grouping completed and exhibited at the
Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. This bronze does not reach
Springfield until March 1877.
July 3, 1876 -- Date set for first attempt to steal Lincoln's
body. News of plot leaks out and it is never carried out.
Nov. 7, 1876 -- Second plot to steal Lincoln's body occurs.
Robbers break into the vault before being scared away by
Nov. 15, 1876 -- Lincoln's casket removed from white marble
sarcophagus and moved about in the interior spaces of the monument
Nov. 20, 1876 -- A special grand jury in Springfield charges
Terrence Mullins and Jack Hughes with attempted larceny and
conspiracy. Grave robbing was not a felony offense in Illinois at
the time, making it necessary to file charges that would place
Mullins and Hughes in the state penitentiary.
May 17, 1877 -- The board approves money to begin work on the
bronze artillery group.
May 21, 1877 -- Illinois General Assembly approves $27,000 for
completion of bronze statues at the Lincoln monument.
May 30, 1877 -- Trial against Terrence Mullins and Jack Hughes
begins in Sangamon County Court in Springfield. Robert Todd Lincoln
agrees to pay to keep witnesses in Springfield to testify against
Mullins and Hughes at the request of the United State Secret
June 2, 1877 -- Mullins and Hughes are found guilty and sentenced
to serve a one-year term at Joliet State Penitentiary.
June 26, 1877 -- Robert Todd Lincoln sends request to James J.
Brooks, chief of the Secret Service, asking for reimbursement of
$643 for covering witness expenses for room and board during the
trial. He is never paid.
September 1877 -- Both infantry and naval bronzes placed on
Nov. 18, 1878 -- Lincoln coffin moved to secret location near
base of the obelisk.
Sept. 12, 1879 -- The board approves money to begin work on the
final bronze cavalry grouping.
Feb. 12, 1880 -- The Lincoln Guard of Honor established to
protect Lincoln's remains and provide commemorative programs.
April 13, 1882 -- The artillery group placed at the Lincoln Tomb.
July 16, 1882 -- Mary Todd Lincoln dies in Springfield.
July 19, 1882 -- Mary Todd Lincoln is placed in a vault of the
Lincoln Tomb along with three of her sons and her husband.
May 16, 1885 -- The National Lincoln Monument Association
reconstitutes itself as the Lincoln Monument Association and shifts
focus from the fundraising to build the monument to providing annual
maintenance and daily public operation of the facility.
April 14, 1887 -- Lincoln's coffin is placed in burial chamber
beneath the sarcophagus. Members of the Lincoln Guard of Honor view
March 5, 1890 -- Abraham Lincoln II, nicknamed "Jack," dies in
London. He is the only son of Robert Todd and Mary Harlan Lincoln
and the grandson of President Lincoln. Robert held the appointment
as minister to Great Britain at the time.
Nov. 8, 1890 -- Remains of Abraham Lincoln II are placed in a
vault at the Lincoln monument.
Feb. 17, 1893 -- First attempt to transfer ownership of the tomb
from the Lincoln Monument Association to the state of Illinois
Jan. 11, 1894 -- John Carroll Power, custodian of the Lincoln
monument, dies at the age of 74.
July 9, 1895 -- Ownership of the Lincoln monument is transferred
to the state of Illinois. The Lincoln Monument Association ceases to
March 9, 1899 -- Gov. John Tanner asks the Illinois legislature
for $100,000 to rebuild the Lincoln Tomb.
March 10, 1900 -- Lincoln's coffin is moved from burial chamber
to underground vault northeast of the tomb.
April 24, 1901 -- Lincoln's coffin is moved from underground
vault to sarcophagus in tomb.
July 1901 -- Lincoln's remains are moved from sarcophagus to
crypt in the tomb.
Sept. 26, 1901 -- Lincoln's remains viewed for one last time
before being placed in steel and concrete vault.
June 4, 1903 -- President Theodore Roosevelt spoke briefly at the
tomb while in Springfield to dedicate the state arsenal.
Feb. 12, 1922 -- Gen. John J. Pershing and Vice President Calvin
Coolidge visit the tomb.
July 26, 1926 -- Robert Todd Lincoln dies at Hildene in
Manchester, Vt. Against his wish to be buried with his father, Mary
Harlan Lincoln buries Robert in Arlington National Cemetery.
May 12, 1930 -- At the request of Gov. Louis L. Emmerson,
$175,000 appropriated to fix structural problems with the Lincoln
May 27, 1930 -- Abraham Lincoln II reburied in Arlington National
June 17, 1931 -- President Herbert Hoover is the featured speaker
at the rededication of the Lincoln Tomb.
Oct. 11, 1936 -- Stone from an ancient wall built by the Roman
Emperor Servius Tullius placed at the tomb and dedicated by Gov.
Henry Horner. According to legend, Tullius -- like Lincoln -- was a
great leader who was assassinated.
1946 -- First Lincoln Pilgrimage to the Lincoln Tomb by the
Abraham Lincoln Council, Boy Scouts of America. This is considered
the largest one-day gathering of Scouts in the United States. It now
comprises an entire weekend of events.
Feb. 10, 2007 -- 60th annual Pilgrimage of the Veterans of
Foreign Wars takes place at the Lincoln Tomb.
Feb. 12, 2007 -- 73rd annual Pilgrimage to the Lincoln Tomb by
the Springfield American Legion Post 32 takes place.
from Abraham Lincoln Presidential
Library and Museum news release received from the
Illinois Office of Communication and Information)