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Oil falls as mixed reports offer few demand clues

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[August 13, 2011]  ALBANY, N.Y. (AP) -- Oil prices fell slightly Friday as mixed economic reports offered few clues about future energy demand.

Retail sales improved slightly in July. But consumer sentiment fell to its lowest level in more than 30 years.

That left traders in the same spot they were in when the week began -- guessing about future demand potential for everything from gasoline to heating oil.

After gaining early, prices for benchmark West Texas Intermediate crude ended the day down 34 cents at $85.38 per barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange.

In London, Brent crude rose 1 cent to $108.03 a barrel on the ICE Futures Exchange.

In the past two weeks, WTI'S price has fallen about $12. Investors are concerned about global economic growth, ongoing financial problems in Europe and signs of a slower economy in China, a huge consumer of oil and other commodities.

The volatility has left investors "a little bit shell-shocked," said Tom Kloza, chief oil analyst at Oil Price Information Service.


Traders recently have based their decisions on buying and selling contracts largely on economic news and shifts in the stock markets. Good news means higher oil prices; discouraging news means prices have fallen.

"The economic uncertainty is so great that basically any good news is a boost to commodities markets as well as stocks," said Michael Lynch, president of Strategic Energy & Economic Research. "People are just going to be watching the economic data and the stock market."

The Commerce Department said consumers spent more on autos, furniture, clothing and gas in July, which sent retail sales up 0.5 percent. It was the best showing since March.

The monthly report is watched closely by investors because consumer spending accounts for about 70 percent of economic growth.

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The Commerce Department also said business inventories rose 0.3 percent in June. Total business sales rose 0.4 percent after a 0.1 percent drop in May.

Meanwhile, the Reuters/University of Michigan survey of consumer sentiment fell to a 30-year low.

Overall economic growth slowed to just 0.8 percent in the first six months of this year, the worst growth since the recession officially ended in June 2009.

Falling oil prices are providing some relief for motorists. The national average for gasoline fell 1.4 cents overnight to $3.606 a gallon, according to AAA, Wright Express and the Oil Price Information Service. That's 9.4 cents less than a week ago but still 83 cents more than a year ago.

In other Nymex trading, heating oil rose 0.45 cent to finish at $2.9037 a gallon, gasoline fell 0.51 cent to finish at $2.8222 a gallon and natural gas futures fell 4.8 cents to finish at $4.06 per 1,000 cubic feet.

[Associated Press; By SANDY SHORE]

Copyright 2011 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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