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Stocks weighed down by US debt fears

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[July 27, 2011]  LONDON (AP) -- Global stocks were weighed down again on Wednesday by worries that the U.S. could default on its debt or see its credit rating cut as lawmakers in the world's largest economy appear no nearer to agreeing on raising the borrowing limit.

The United States has until Aug. 2 -- just a week away -- to reach a deal to increase its $14.3 trillion debt limit or face not being able to pay its bills. That has led to fears the country could default on its financial obligations, which could send shockwaves through financial markets, already stung by the debt crisis that has afflicted Europe for the past 18 months.

Republican leaders had promised a vote on Wednesday in the House of Representatives on a plan to increase the debt limit and avoid America's first-ever default. But the vote was put off until at least Thursday.

Currently, about 40 cents of every dollar spent by the U.S. government is borrowed. Lawmakers are divided over how to get the U.S. government accounts into a healthier state in the longer term.

Even if a deal is reached, there are fears the U.S. could still lose its top credit rating. A downgrade could cost the federal government an extra $100 billion in interest payments a year.

Though most investors think a last-minute deal to raise the debt limit will eventually emerge, the difficulty of reaching an agreement may leave a lasting impact on investor sentiment. That was evident in the price of gold, which is widely used as a safe haven investment and hit a new nominal record high above $1,625 on Wednesday.

A big worry in the markets is that only a short-term deal will be agreed, with a promise to revisit the issue later. The problem is that next year is election year.

"Investors remain hopeful that a deal can be made in time, but the longer the delay goes on, the more entrenched investors fears become," said Joshua Raymond, chief market strategist at City Index.

In Europe, the FTSE 100 index of leading British shares was down 0.3 percent at 5,913 while Germany's DAX fell a similar rate to 7,328. The CAC-40 in France fared even worse, trading 0.8 percent lower at 3,759.

A raft of disappointing earnings in Europe did nothing to lift the mood. Spanish bank Banco Santander SA, French car company Peugeot SA and German pharmaceutical company Merck KGaA were all trading sharply lower after their latest earnings updates.

Wall Street was poised for very modest gains at the open -- Dow futures were up 0.1 percent at 12,440 while the broader Standard & Poor's 500 futures were more or less flat at 1,326.

Ben Critchley, a sales trader at IG Index, said investors will be keeping a close watch on the testimony of senior credit ratings agency staff to Congress later.

"This may offer further direction on the likelihood of a downgrade for the U.S.," he said.

Monthly durable goods data may also attract some attention. The consensus in the markets is that the headline figure, which includes volatile aircraft and defense orders, increased by a monthly rate of 0.3 percent in July.

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As in the stock markets, the prospect of a potential U.S. default remains the main consideration in currencies. Unsurprisingly, the dollar has drifted lower for most of the past few days.

However, the dollar managed to hold relatively steady Wednesday, particularly against the euro. By late morning London time, the euro was trading 0.2 percent lower at $1.4462 while the dollar was 0.3 percent lower at 77.70 yen.

The yen's renewed strength has reignited talk that the Bank of Japan will intervene once again to stem the export-sapping rise in the currency. In March, after a devastating earthquake and tsunami, it, along with other major central banks around the world, intervened in the markets when the dollar was trading around the 76 yen mark.

The currency's spike weighed on the country's Nikkei 225 stock average as much of Japan's economic well-being is dependent on the performance of its exporters. It closed 0.5 percent lower at 10,047.19

Elsewhere, South Korea's Kospi edged up 0.3 percent to finish at 2,174.31 while Hong Kong's Hang Seng Index fell 0.1 percent to close at 22,541.69.

Chinese shares gained strongly as investors snapped up bargains two days after a sell-off led by railway shares following a deadly train crash in the country's east.

The Shanghai Composite Index gained 0.8 percent to close at 2,723.49 and the smaller Shenzhen Composite Index gained 1.7 percent to end at 1,190.83.

Oil prices dropped to near $99 a barrel after a report showed U.S. crude supplies unexpectedly jumped last week, suggesting demand may be weakening. The main New York oil contract was down 49 cents to $99.10 a barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange.

[Associated Press; By PAN PYLAS]

Kelvin Chan in Hong Kong contributed to this report.

Copyright 2011 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.


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