sponsored by


A history of the African National Congress

Send a link to a friend

[December 15, 2012]  JOHANNESBURG (AP) -- A glance at the history of South Africa's governing African National Congress political party:

1912: Founding of South African Native National Congress, precursor to the ANC.

1923: Name changed to African National Congress.

1955: The Congress Alliance -- of the ANC and Indian, mixed-race and white organizations -- holds the Congress of the People in Soweto. Congress adopts the Freedom Charter calling for a nonracial democracy and a socialist-based economy.

1956: Nelson Mandela and 155 other South Africans of all races who had supported the Freedom Charter charged with treason. All acquitted after a four-year trial.

1959: Robert Sobukwe leads breakaway faction from the ANC, forming Pan Africanist Congress, now a minor political player in South Africa.

1960: ANC banned.

1961: Founding of ANC's guerrilla wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe, or Spear of the Nation.

1964: Mandela found guilty of sabotage at Rivonia Trial and sentenced to life imprisonment.

1990: ANC and other groups unbanned; Mandela released.

1991: Mandela elected president of ANC. The government, ANC and 17 other political groups begin formal negotiations on a new constitution.

[to top of second column]

1993: Draft constitution adopted.

1994: ANC wins first all-race elections; Mandela becomes president; ANC's armed wing absorbed into national defense forces.

1999: Thabo Mbeki succeeds Mandela as the country's president.

2007: ANC elects Jacob Zuma as party president over Mbeki, putting Zuma in line to run for the presidency.

2009: ANC sweeps parliamentary elections and Zuma becomes president.

2011: ANC fires Youth League leader Julius Malema and suspends him from the party for five years.

2012: ANC marks its 100th anniversary, holds party convention to pick its next leader.

[Associated Press]

Copyright 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

< Top Stories index

Back to top


News | Sports | Business | Rural Review | Teaching & Learning | Home and Family | Tourism | Obituaries

Community | Perspectives | Law & Courts | Leisure Time | Spiritual Life | Health & Fitness | Teen Scene
Calendar | Letters to the Editor