agriculture in Logan County
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[March 24, 2012]
We managed to do it again in 2011 with relatively high yields --
in the face of adverse weather for much of the growing season.
The state average corn yield was 157 bushels per acre. Logan
County averaged 173.4 with 37,017,000 bushels of corn produced. At
an estimated price of $6 per bushel, that means the corn crop will
put over $222 million into the Logan County economy.
For soybeans, the state average yield was 47.0 bushels per acre.
Logan County averaged 54.6 with production of 6,547,000 bushels.
At a figure of $11 per bushel, that means an additional $72
million for the economy.
Add over $20 million in livestock income to this figure, and the
commodity impact of agriculture on Logan County is over $300
The trend in size of farms continues, with both ends of the
spectrum increasing. Farms less than 50 acres are increasing at
the fastest rate, and farms over 1,000 acres are close behind in
rate of gain.
The smaller farms are usually reaching for a niche market. These
specialty markets can vary widely. Logan County has organic
livestock, produce and hay. We also have flowers, meat goats,
goat milk and other commodities produced. The desire to purchase
locally grown items has fueled the increase in small farms.
Our country has the safest, most abundant food supply on the
planet. Knowing the person who produces your food adds an extra
element of security to our local food supply. The growing trend
of locally grown food for commercial applications, such as
schools, also is increasing specialty production.
While specialty production pales in a dollars-and-cents
comparison with corn, soybeans and pigs, the production is
increasing. It is also a way to increase income on diversified
farms or to provide income for families on small tracts of
As citizens become further removed from production agriculture,
education is important. This is occurring through
educational programs for students, farm-related tours and with
many of the "entertainment" farming ventures.
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Agriculture, for the most part, is still family-oriented. There
is a common misconception that corporations are heavily involved
in agriculture production. Where corporations are involved is in
the supply of inputs to the family farming operations.
Many of the modern farm machines rely on computers to operate.
The use of the global information system for precision
agriculture has become commonplace. This system uses GPS in
conjunction with other systems to assist with variable-rate
fertilizer applications, yield mapping, tiling and other
drainage, auto-steer systems for tractors, and others. The
fastest growing area of agriculture-related jobs is in the
The outlook for the 2012 season is hopeful. We have seen an
unprecedented era of high commodity prices, particularly in the
grains and oilseeds. We have also seen unprecedented input costs
for everything from seed to fertilizer. Producers have been
using extra income to invest in machinery and technology. The
outlook for the upcoming season is greatly dependent on global
economies, markets and supplies. We truly have become global in
our economy, and this is especially true in agriculture.
University of Illinois Extension]
This is one of the articles you will find in our special Spring 2012
Farm Outlook Magazine.
The magazine is online
Click here to view all the articles, which include:
Introduction by John Fulton
Weather: The biggest variable
2011 crop yields
Protecting your income with insurance
The value of land conservation
Property taxes on farmland
Land value in Logan County
Increasing yield with aerial application
The importance of Ag Scholarships