Today's highlight in history:
On May 9, 1712, the Carolina Colony was officially divided into two
entities: North Carolina and South Carolina.
On this date:
In 1754, a cartoon in Benjamin Franklin's Pennsylvania Gazette
showed a snake cut in pieces, with each part representing an
American colony; the caption read, "JOIN, or DIE."
In 1883, Spanish philosopher Jose Ortega y Gasset was born in
In 1936, Italy annexed Ethiopia.
In 1945, U.S. officials announced that a midnight entertainment
curfew was being lifted immediately.
In 1951, the U.S. conducted its first thermonuclear experiment as
part of Operation Greenhouse by detonating a 225-kiloton device on
Enewetak Atoll in the Pacific nicknamed "George."
In 1961, in a speech to the National Association of Broadcasters,
Federal Communications Commission Chairman Newton N. Minow decried
the majority of television programming as a "vast wasteland."
In 1962, scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
succeeded in reflecting a laser beam off the surface of the moon.
Italian movie director Federico Fellini began filming "8 1/2," his
art house classic about a movie director struggling to make a movie.
In 1974, the House Judiciary Committee opened public hearings on
whether to recommend the impeachment of President Richard Nixon.
In 1978, the bullet-riddled body of former Italian prime minister
Aldo Moro, who'd been abducted by the Red Brigades, was found in an
automobile in the center of Rome.
In 1980, 35 people were killed when a freighter rammed the Sunshine
Skyway Bridge over Tampa Bay in Florida, causing a 1,400-foot
section of the southbound span to collapse.
In 1982, the musical "Nine," inspired by the Fellini film "8 1/2,"
opened on Broadway.
In 1987, 183 people were killed when a New York-bound Polish
jetliner crashed while attempting an emergency return to Warsaw.
Ten years ago: Following the example set by Illinois,
Maryland Gov. Parris Glendening suspended all executions in his
state while a study was done on whether the death penalty was being
meted out in a racially discriminatory way. (The state-funded study
was released days before Glendening, a Democrat, left office in
January 2003; it found that statistically, black defendants who
killed whites were the most likely to be charged with capital murder
and sentenced to death. Glendening's Republican successor, Robert
Ehrlich, lifted the death penalty moratorium.) A remote-controlled
mine exploded during a military parade in a Russian town near
Chechnya, killing 43 people. Veteran Mexican musician Juan Gabriel
won four awards, including top songwriter, at the Billboard Latin
Music Awards in Miami Beach.
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Five years ago: Vice President Dick Cheney pressed Iraq's
leaders to do more to reduce violence and achieve political
reconciliation in a visit to Baghdad that was punctuated by an
explosion that shook windows at the U.S. Embassy where Cheney was
visiting. Pope Benedict XVI began his first trip to Latin America as
he arrived in Brazil.
One year ago: Former House Speaker Newt Gingrich announced on
social networking websites that he was running for the Republican
presidential nomination. Dallas Wiens, the nation's first full-face
transplant recipient, joined surgeons at Brigham and Women's
Hospital in Boston in his first public appearance since the 15-hour
procedure in March 2011. Belgian cyclist Wouter Weylandt lost
control of his bike and tumbled down a mountain pass to his death
during the third stage of the Giro d'Italia. Lidia Gueiler, the only
woman to date to have been Bolivia's president, died at age 89.
Today's birthdays: Actress Geraldine McEwan is 80.
Actor-writer Alan Bennett is 78. Rock musician Nokie Edwards (The
Ventures) is 77. Actor Albert Finney is 76.
Actress-turned-politician Glenda Jackson is 76. Producer-director
James L. Brooks is 75. Musician Sonny Curtis (Buddy Holly and the
Crickets) is 75. Singer Tommy Roe is 70. Singer-musician Richie
Furay (Buffalo Springfield and Poco) is 68. Actress Candice Bergen
is 66. Pop singer Clint Holmes is 66. Actor Anthony Higgins is 65.
Singer Billy Joel is 63. Blues singer-musician Bob Margolin is 63.
Rock singer-musician Tom Petersson (Cheap Trick) is 62. Actress
Alley Mills is 61. Actress Amy Hill is 59. Actress Wendy Crewson is
56. Actor John Corbett is 51. Singer Dave Gahan (Depeche Mode) is
50. Actress Sonja Sohn is 48. Rapper Ghostface Killah is 42. Country
musician Mike Myerson (Heartland) is 41. Rhythm-and-blues singer
Tamia (tuh-MEE'-ah) is 37. Rock musician Dan Regan (Reel Big Fish)
is 35. Rock singer Pierre Bouvier (Simple Plan) is 33. Actress
Rosario Dawson is 33. Actress Rachel Boston is 30. TV personality
Audrina Patridge is 27.
Thought for today: "Life is a series of collisions with the
future; it is not the sum of what we have been, but what we yearn to
be." -- Jose Ortega y Gasset (1883-1955)
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