13th Amendment engraving on exhibit at Lincoln Heritage Museum in
conjunction with 'Lincoln' film
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[November 27, 2012]
In conjunction with the recent release
of the Steven Spielberg film "Lincoln," which focuses on Abraham
Lincoln's push to have Congress approve the measure ratifying the
13th Amendment, ending slavery, the Lincoln Heritage Museum is
exhibiting a one-of-a-kind engraving that commemorated the end of
In January 1865, the United States Congress, with President
Lincoln's encouragement, initiated passage of the proposed 13th
Amendment -- which then went to the states for formal approval --
forever abolishing slavery from the country. Fiery debates ensued in
Congress over its passage, as is depicted in the movie "Lincoln."
The very rare engraving owned by the Lincoln Heritage Museum bears
the names of the 156 members of the U.S. House of Representatives
and U.S. Senate who voted for its passage. For many, such a vote
cost them their political futures.
Among the names of those who voted for the resolution are
notables such as Massachusetts Sen. Charles Sumner, Illinois Sen.
Lyman Trumbull, Pennsylvania Rep. Thaddeus Stevens and Ohio Rep.
James A. Garfield, who later became the 20th president of the United
States. The engraving also includes the name of Abraham Lincoln, who
is the only president to have ever signed on a constitutional
The 13th Amendment was ratified on Dec. 18, 1865, with approval
by the required three-fourths of all states.
President Lincoln signed the amendment before its ratification --
a step that wasn't required by the Constitution. Presidential
approval was not necessary for an amendment to be submitted to
states for ratification.
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With the eventual approval of the 13th Amendment, slavery was
abolished and eliminated forever. Lincoln had worked hard for many
years to end the institution of slavery, and in doing so he obtained
freedom for many people.
Lincoln was assassinated in April of 1865, eight months before
the final approval and overall ratification of the 13th Amendment.
He enjoyed knowing that the final death knell to slavery would come,
and he considered the amendment "the king's cure for all the evils."
Also in conjunction with the movie "Lincoln," the Lincoln
Heritage Museum will host an opportunity to discuss and explore the
movie's historical merit and accuracy with local historians Paul
Beaver, Ron Keller and Anne Moseley. The panel discussion will be on
Wednesday at 7 pm. The public is invited and the event is free.
The lithograph is currently on display at the
Museum, 300 Keokuk St. The museum is open from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Monday through Friday, and 1-4 p.m. on Saturdays. Admission to the
museum is free.
[Text from file received from