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That makes Hincapie's testimony most damaging because it can't be lawyered and spin-doctored away as the fabricated ramblings of serial perjurers with axes to grind.
"I was aware that Lance Armstrong was using EPO in 1999," the year of his first Tour win, reads Hincapie's 16-page affidavit which he signed at the bottom.
Before the 2005 Tour, "he gave me two vials of EPO while we were both in Nice, France."
"Lance had previously provided EPO to me on another occasion following a training camp in Santa Barbara, California."
"From my conversations with Lance Armstrong and experiences with Lance and the team I am aware that Lance used blood transfusions from 2001 through 2005."
There's more, so much more. Former teammate Jonathan Vaughters testified that he saw Armstrong inject himself in the stomach in 1998 and that, "from that point on, while I was on the U.S. Postal Service team, Lance was open with me about his use of EPO."
Christian Vande Velde told USADA that doping "wore on me and took its toll" but Armstrong told him that if he wanted to stay on his team then he must follow "to the letter" the instructions of Michele Ferrari.
Nicknamed "Schumi," after Formula One racer Michael Schumacher, Ferrari is an Italian doctor who, according to testimony from Hincapie and other riders, dispensed doping training plans -- with dots and symbols to show what to take when and instructions to inject EPO into veins, not under the skin, so that it would flush faster from the body and reduce the risk of detection.
To another question waved by Armstrong's defenders -- how could he pass so many drug tests if he doped? -- the report also offers an answer: with apparent ease. The testing net had more holes than mesh, holes seemingly plenty big enough for even the biggest fish to slip through, allegedly aided by Ferrari's expertise and tip-offs that testers were coming.
Team staff, including director Bruyneel, "seemed to have an outstanding early warning system regarding drug tests," Vaughters testified. "We typically seemed to have an hour's advance notice" -- plenty of time for riders to manipulate their blood with infusions of saline solution to make it look normal.
"Johan always seemed to know when drug testers were coming at races," Zabriskie testified. "His warning that "they're coming tomorrow" came on more than one occasion."
How did Bruyneel allegedly know? Who could have tipped him off? These are among the questions cycling must answer.
And who are those other people -- drug takers, drug sellers, drug facilitators -- whose names have been blacked out from some of the riders' testimony? More important, are they still in cycling today? USADA's investigation feels like a work in progress.
USADA's findings, which shatter the code of silence that hid doping in cycling, could be the beginning of a healthier era for the sport if it picks up these threads, answers all questions and teases out the entire truth about its past.
If the sport doesn't go back to business as usual -- doping with mouths shut -- this, with reforms, could mark a chance to build a credible future.
It's also the sport's last chance. It won't get another if nothing is done.
As for the past, forget it. Chuck those rider biographies that now seem to have been more fiction than fact, the photos with presidents and rock stars. Look elsewhere for inspiration on how to live strong.
American riders came to Europe's biggest race with what seemed a great story. Now, those who say they were in on the secrets are telling us much of it wasn't true.
That was beyond bad.
But now, by breaking their silence, they've also done some good.
Copyright 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
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