mumps outbreak grows to 116 cases, mainly at Ohio State
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[April 02, 2014]
By Kim Palmer
The number of mumps cases from an outbreak
in central Ohio has more than quadrupled over the last two weeks, to
116, mostly students at Ohio State University or people connected to
the school, authorities said Tuesday.
The outbreak had been limited to the university and
those connected to it initially, but health officials said in late
March it had spread to other parts of the Columbus, Ohio, area. The
reported cases stood at 28 two weeks ago.
Four people have been hospitalized in the outbreak, which includes
93 students, staff members or relatives of students at the school,
the Columbus Health Department said.
At least three of the infected people are confirmed as not having
received vaccinations for the mumps, said Jose Rodriguez, a Columbus
health department spokesman.
"If even one person is unvaccinated, we are all at risk," he said.
Rodriguez said 10 to 20 percent of the population is vulnerable even
if they have been fully vaccinated for measles, mumps and rubella.
Potential complications from the mumps can be permanent, he added.
There have been four reported cases of orchitis, a swelling of the
testicles that can lead to infertility, and one of potential
deafness among the infected, he said.
Mumps is a contagious disease that causes painful swelling of the
salivary glands. It is considered rare in the United States.
Franklin County, which includes Columbus, typically sees one
reported mumps case per year.
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The number of mumps cases reported annually in the United States
has dropped 98 percent since a vaccine was introduced in the 1960s,
according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
A multi-state outbreak in 2006 led to nearly 6,600 reported cases
with more than 80 percent of the people saying they were attending
(Reporting by Kim Palmer; editing by David Bailey and Leslie Adler)
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