Officials said the dead included people who were crushed by
collapsing walls or were killed by heart attacks.
The government evacuated Chile's northern coast and President
Michelle Bachelet declared the area a disaster zone, promising
troops and police reinforcements to maintain public order while
damage was repaired after landslides blocked roads.
"We're leaving with the children and what we can, but everything is
clogged up by people fleeing buildings by the beach," said 32-year
old Liliana Arriaza, who was driving away with her three children.
The U.S. Geological Survey said the quake was shallow at 12.5 miles
below the seabed and struck about 100 km northwest of the mining
port of Iquique near the Peruvian border.
Mining in the world's No. 1 copper producer did not appear
significantly interrupted, but about 300 prisoners took advantage of
the emergency and escaped from a female penitentiary in Iquique.
About 26 of the women were soon recaptured, authorities said, while
security forces fanned out through the area amid reports of power
outages and isolated looting.
Photos showed Chileans calmly evacuating coastal areas on foot, with
policemen helping bundled-up elderly people and some residents
loading up vehicles with their belongings.
Some schools were being used to shelter people, and classes were
canceled in most of the country on Wednesday. LATAM Airlines said it
had canceled some flights to and from Antofagasta, Iquique and Arica
in northern Chile.
The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center said the quake generated a large
tsunami with the biggest wave reported at about 2 meters. The
Chilean navy said the first big wave hit the coast within 45
minutes. Early on Wednesday Chilean authorities canceled their
tsunami warning for most coastal areas.
Iquique is a key port, close to Chile's main copper mines. The area
has been on high alert in recent weeks after an unusual number of
tremors, and a series of aftershocks further frayed nerves in the
early hours of Wednesday.
The city is more than 1,500 km north of Chile's capital Santiago,
where the quake was not felt.
Seismic Chile has strict tremor-proof construction regulations and
most residents stay calm during quakes, which helps to limit harm.
Lauding Chile's initial response to the quake, President Bachelet
said in a televised address: "The government will work for as long
as necessary to confront this emergency."
The center-left president, who only returned to power last month,
was due to travel to the north on Wednesday morning.
[to top of second column]
In 2010, at the end of Bachelet's first term as president, an
8.8-magnitude quake triggered a tsunami that devastated several
coastal towns in central-south Chile, a disaster that killed 526
State-owned miner Codelco and other major copper companies
reported no harm to workers or mines and said operations in northern
Chile were normal. Still, the massive Collahuasi mine evacuated
workers so they could be with their families.
A tsunami warning was issued for the Pacific coast of Mexico through
Central and South America.
"An earthquake of this size has the potential to generate a
destructive tsunami that can strike coastlines near the epicenter
within minutes and more distant coastlines within hours," the
Pacific Tsunami Warning Center said.
A tsunami advisory was issued for Hawaii, although no disaster was
expected to hit the island state.
"Sea level changes and strong currents may occur along all coasts
that could be a hazard to swimmers and boaters as well as to persons
near the shore at beaches and in harbors and marinas," the warning
Authorities in Peru started evacuating communities in the southern
coastal region of Ica. Electricity was partially lost in the
Peruvian cities of Tacna, Moquegua and Arequipa but there were no
reports of deaths or serious damage there.
Nearly 11,000 miles northwest of Chile across the ocean, Japan's
Meteorological Agency said a tsunami of up to one meter high might
hit Japan's Pacific coast about 5am on Thursday (2000 GMT
Wednesday). After collecting more data, it said it may issue a
tsunami advisory early on Thursday.
(Additional reporting by Alexandra Ulmer, Fabian Cambero, Antonio De
la Jara and Felipe Iturrieta in Santiago, Sandra Maler in Washington
and Mitra Taj in Lima; writing by Hugh Bronstein; Additional writing
by Alexandra Ulmer; editing by Gareth Jones)
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