That brings to more than 10 million the number of people who have
signed up for both public and private health coverage since the
October 1 launch of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act,
known as Obamacare. This week, the White House announced there were
7.1 million sign-ups as of March 31 for private health plans through
new electronic insurance marketplaces now operating in all 50
states, a total that exceeded most expectations.
Higher enrollment figures have given a boost to Obama and his
Democratic allies against Republicans and other critics of
healthcare reform by demonstrating stronger-than-expected demand for
the benefits available under the new law.
"The increase in Medicaid enrollments across the country is
encouraging," U.S. Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen
Sebelius said in a government blog posting.
The latest data show for the first time actual enrollments in
Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) from
October 1 through February 28 for 46 states that have reported
statistics to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
(HHS). Until now, HHS has been able to release only the number of
people who have qualified for coverage.
Friday's report did not specify the number of Americans who have
gained health coverage for the first time through Obamacare's
Medicaid expansion, which has been accepted in some form by 26
states. Administration officials said they expect to produce a
breakdown in the coming weeks.
The current data includes people who qualify for Medicaid programs
that have existed for decades.
Medicaid enrollment has been brisker in states that are expanding
the program — with a rate 8.3 percent higher than before October 1.
States that have not expanded Medicaid have seen enrollment rise by
only 1.6 percent.
Medicaid, which is overseen by the federal government but
administered by states, has long provided health coverage to only a
fraction of America's poor. In many states, Medicaid coverage is
available largely to pregnant women and the severely disabled. CHIP
is a sister program of Medicaid designed specifically for low-income
Obamacare calls for expanding Medicaid to all low-income Americans
earning up to 138 percent of the federal poverty level, which
currently stands at $11,670 a year for an individual and $23,850 for
a family of four.
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The law originally required all states to expand Medicaid. But a
landmark 2012 U.S. Supreme Court ruling made the decision optional.
All told, the administration said 11.7 million people have qualified
for Medicaid and CHIP from October 1 through February, up from 8.9
million reported for January.
The administration arrived at the new tally by comparing Medicaid
and CHIP enrollments at the end of February with the registrations
before October 1. During those five months, enrollment for the 46
reporting states climbed to 61 million from 58 million.
The deadline for acquiring private health insurance through the
Obamacare marketplaces expired on March 31. But under Medicaid,
people can apply for coverage at any time.
The nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimated that 8
million people will sign up for Medicaid coverage under the
Obamacare expansion this year.
The CBO originally projected 7 million private enrollees by this
week's deadline, but scaled back its forecast to 6 million after
last autumn's botched launch of the federal marketplace website,
(Reporting by David Morgan; editing by Michele Gershberg and; Alden
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