Her departure removes one lightning rod for critics as Obama and
nervous Democrats try to retain control of the U.S. Senate in
November midterm elections, but Republicans continue to see problems
with the Affordable Care Act as a winning issue.
"If the Obama people thought this was going to calm the waters, I
think they misread it. I think it's just going to embolden
Republicans," said David Yepsen, director of the Paul Simon Public
Policy Institute at Southern Illinois University.
The October 1 launch of new Obamacare health insurance marketplaces,
which was plagued by computer problems that stymied access for
millions of people, has been condemned by Republicans as a step
toward socialized medicine.
Obama has chosen Sylvia Mathews Burwell, his budget director, to
replace Sebelius, the White House said. Well-known inside
Washington, where her appointment was praised by the likes of
Republican Senator John McCain, Burwell will have to manage the
program through its next major challenges in the height of elections
But Burwell is relatively unknown outside the Beltway, and has a
"tall order" to fix all the detailed issues with the law, and
improve its standing among voters, Yepsen said.
Polls show Obamacare remains unpopular. In March, 46 percent of
people said they had an unfavorable view of the law, while 38
percent said they liked it, according to the Kaiser Family
Obama was due to announce the change with Sebelius and Burwell at
his side at a White House event at 10:45 a.m. EDT on Friday.
Sebelius remains on the job until Burwell is confirmed by the
Senate, an administration official said.
"HOLD ME ACCOUNTABLE"
Sebelius, 65, became the public face for the problem-plagued start
to the enrollment period for Obamacare, which was meant to reduce
the number of Americans without health insurance and cut into
massive U.S. healthcare costs.
When enrollment opened in October, the federal HealthCare.gov
website used by consumers in 36 states failed to work for weeks. The
White House called in a team of management and technology experts to
fix the site, which began working more or less smoothly by December.
Even as she took responsibility for the failures, Obama stuck by
Sebelius, brushing aside pressure to fire her.
"Hold me accountable for the debacle. I'm responsible," Sebelius
said at an October 30 hearing.
The enrollment period was ultimately successful, surpassing the 7
million figure the Obama administration had predicted. But Sebelius,
a former governor of Kansas, told Obama in early March she wanted to
leave the administration, a White House official said.
"She believed that once open enrollment ended, it would be the right
time to transition the department to new leadership," the official
Burwell, 48, is no stranger to top-level administrative positions,
having served as deputy White House chief of staff during the
Clinton administration and in top roles at the Treasury Department
and the National Economic Council.
She served at the Office of Management and Budget twice, as deputy
director under Jack Lew from 1998 to 2001, and took over as director
about a year ago. She helped the administration manage its response
to a shutdown of the federal government brought on by a budget
battle with Republicans in October.
In the intervening years, she worked at the Bill and Melinda Gates
Foundation and as head of the Wal-Mart Foundation.
Burwell "seems to have a strong background in management, and that's
what we need now," said Timothy Jost, a healthcare expert who
teaches at Washington and Lee University.
"We're over some of the biggest hurdles now, and what we need is
somebody who can stay the course."
[to top of second column]
Her nomination into the contentious position will likely be eased by
a Senate rule change last year known as the "nuclear option," which
lowers the vote threshold needed to overcome procedural hurdles for
confirmation of presidential nominees.
Instead of the previous 60 votes required to override a senator's
objection to a nominee, only 51 votes are needed to advance to a
final vote under the changes made by Senate Democrats, who currently
control the Senate 55 votes to 45.
One of the first challenges for
Burwell will be to work with health insurers in the coming months as
they set prices for Obamacare plans in 2015. Industry executives
have warned that many states could see double-digit increases in
monthly premiums as they try to account for the higher proportion of
older policyholders who often cost more to cover. Such price hikes
would provide fodder for Republican opponents of the law who say it
creates financial burdens for individuals and businesses.
She will also be challenged to improve the health insurance
exchanges before the next enrollment period begins in November, and
with the Treasury Department, implement new penalties for Americans
who did not buy health insurance.
Democrats facing tough races in November are pushing for politically
palatable changes to the law, while Republicans will push to get rid
"Secretary Sebelius may be gone, but the problems with this law and
the impact it's having on our constituents aren't," said Mitch
McConnell, the top Republican in the Senate.
"Obamacare has to go, too," McConnell said in a statement.
BUTT OF LATE-NIGHT JOKES
Sebelius's resignation caps a series of departures by lower-profile
officials responsible for implementing the law.
Sebelius testified to Congress about the law as recently as
Thursday, giving no sign that she was about to step down.
In an interview with the New York Times, Sebelius said she wished
she could take "all the animosity" toward Obamacare with her when
"If that could just leave with me, and we could get to a new
chapter, that would be terrific," she said.
Lawmakers from both parties gave Sebelius credit on Thursday for
persevering through what Republican Senator Orrin Hatch called "one
of the toughest jobs in Washington."
Analysts said Sebelius's career as secretary hit a low point soon
after the October 1 launch, when she continued to travel the country
to promote enrollment, including an embarrassing appearance on "The
Daily Show," a cable television comedy program, and regular
skewering on "Saturday Night Live."
Republicans including her fellow Kansan Senator Pat Roberts called
for her to step down for what he called "gross incompetence", and
administration insiders said relations with the White House grew
increasingly tense thereafter.
"You won't find a piece of paper saying she was fired. But it had to
be uncomfortable, and not having a change in personnel after the
disastrous rollout must have rubbed the administration's Democratic
supporters the wrong way," said Joe Antos of the conservative
American Enterprise Institute.
(Reporting by Roberta Rampton; additional reporting by David Morgan,
David Lawder and Tom Ferraro; editing by Sandra Maler, David Storey
and Lisa Shumaker)
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