These measures come after a steep rise in offshore lending to
Chinese mainland companies by Hong Kong-based banks. Chinese onshore
companies borrowed HK$2.276 trillion of customer loans at the end of
2013, excluding HK$313 billion of trade finance loans, according to
"The increase in Hong Kong banking sector's mainland-related lending
is a natural consequence of the growth of the mainland economy and
development of mainland corporates," said HKMA, which reinforces
Hong Kong's role as a significant international financial center.
Hong Kong banks' exposure to Chinese companies has soared since mid
2013, after government regulations designed to curb onshore US
dollar lending forced Chinese companies offshore to raise foreign
Hong Kong syndicated loan volume hit a record high of US$80 billion
in 2013 as a result, 86 percent higher than 2012, according to LPC
data. Nearly 70 percent of this volume was for Chinese companies,
which save around 30 basis points on loan interest margins by
raising dollar loans in Hong Kong, compared to onshore China, the
Syndicated loans issued to Chinese companies in Hong Kong nearly
tripled to US$56 billion in 2013 from US$20.7 billion in 2012.
The HKMA said that it is important to ensure that credit and
liquidity risks are properly managed in this context.
"It is for this reason that the HKMA has stepped up its supervisory
efforts in credit risk management over the past few years," the HKMA
Loan bankers said that the HKMA has been playing a more active role
and introducing more stringent measures, including more regular
examinations, since the end of 2013.
The most challenging guideline for banks is the stable funding
requirement, which requires lenders to maintain a specific level of
loan growth against a stable funding requirement level.
Most banks were advised to have 20 percent loan growth against their
stable funding requirement level. The 20 percent level was set
according to industry average in 2013, the HKMA said.
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However, a 44.5 percent annual surge in total loans of the Hong Kong
banking sector in January prompted the HKMA to review the stable
funding requirement level before the planned date at the end of
"Against this background, the HKMA considered it necessary to review
the stable funding requirement earlier, using end-March 2014
positions instead of end-June 2014 positions," HKMA said.
Loan bankers however said that the stable funding requirement is
curbing loan growth in Hong Kong.
Some banks said that they have moved some of their loan assets to
foreign headquarters or overseas branches in order to meet the
HKMA's 20 percent requirement.
The HKMA's requirements could create an uneven playing field that
could penalize new branches or banks returning to loan market.
"A new branch which starts from zero would of course record a more
than 20 percent jump in loan growth given their mandate to book new
loan assets," said a senior loan banker with a foreign bank.
Foreign banks based in Hong Kong are concerned, but local banks with
lower deposits said that they will not be able to meet the stable
funding requirement and may have to cut down on their lending, which
is not the aim of the HKMA.
"We do not want them to cut back their lending," said Arthur Yuen,
deputy chief executive of the HKMA.
Yuen said the HKMA would like to make sure that there is still
robust liquidity when banks expand loan growth, adding that the HKMA
introduced these guidelines to prevent a sudden loss of liquidity,
as seen in 2009.
(Editing by Tessa Walsh)
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