The U.S. president's comments came against the backdrop of
tensions between the Philippines and an increasingly powerful China
over remote uninhabited islands in the South China Sea.
"Our commitment to defend the Philippines is ironclad and the United
States will keep that commitment because allies never stand alone,"
Sweating profusely in an un-air-conditioned gymnasium packed with U.S.
and Filipino soldiers, veterans and their families, the president
said joint U.S.-Filipino rescue efforts after November's Typhoon
Yolanda were the modern-day version of the bravery shown by both
country's troops during World War Two.
The military agreement between the two countries was the centerpiece
of Obama's first visit to the Philippines, the United States' oldest
ally in the region.
The deal, which will have an initial 10-year term, sets the
framework for a beefed-up rotation of U.S. troops, ships and
warplanes through the Philippines.
Obama said the accord and his visit — part of a four-nation swing
through Asia — demonstrated the U.S. commitment to a "rebalancing"
of resources and diplomacy towards the fast-growing region.
That commitment has been in doubt as the United States has focused
on conflicts in the Middle East and Afghanistan.
"Deepening our alliance is part of our broader vision for the Asia
Pacific," Obama said.
The U.S. president further stressed solidarity with the Philippines
as Manila seeks international arbitration over disputed islands in a
tense standoff with Beijing.
"International law must be upheld. Freedom of navigation must be
preserved," Obama said. "Disputes must be resolved peacefully and
not by intimidation or by force."
China claims most of the South China Sea, but the Philippines,
Malaysia, Vietnam, Brunei and Taiwan also have overlapping claims to
parts of those waters.
[to top of second column]
Earlier this month, a small Philippine government ship needed to
evade a blockade of Chinese coastguard vessels to deliver food,
water and fresh troops to a disputed shoal in the Spratly Islands.
The Philippines is seeking United Nations arbitration challenging
China's "nine-dash-line" that stretches deep into the South China
Sea and the maritime heart of Southeast Asia.
In the sweltering Fort Bonifacio gymnasium on Tuesday, the U.S.
president peeled off his jacket and rolled up his sleeves to speak,
apologizing to the assembled uniform-clad troops for doing so but
promising to make his remarks brief.
Afterwards, he shook hands with troops and veterans, posing for a
"selfie" photo with the family of one of the Filipino veterans.
The president later toured and laid a wreath at the U.S. military
cemetery in Manila, where both U.S. and Filipino soldiers are
buried. The cemetery contains more than 17,000 graves of U.S.
service members who died during World War Two, the largest such
cemetery anywhere in the world.
Obama's visit to the Philippines was the final leg of was on the
final day of a tour that also took him to Tokyo, Seoul, and Kuala
(Additional reporting by Rosemarie Francisco;
editing by Alex
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