A day before the formal end of Kerry's quixotic, nine-month effort
to broker an Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement, the Secretary of
State was surreptitiously taped making a comment that provoked a
political firestorm in Washington.
In a closed meeting with foreign policy experts, Kerry said that if
there is no two-state solution soon, Israel risked becoming "an
apartheid state." Kerry was apparently referring to an argument made
by liberal Israelis and European critics that if two states are not
created and current demographic trends continue, Palestinians will
"A unitary state winds up either being an apartheid state with
second-class citizens," Kerry said on Friday, according to the Daily
Beast. "Or it ends up being a state that destroys the capacity of
Israel to be a Jewish state."
The comment played into longtime caricatures of the former Senator.
To skeptics, it was Kerry, the egotistical former presidential
candidate, committing yet another gaffe. After months of pursuing an
ambitious Middle East peace settlement, Kerry was blaming Israel for
his own failure.
Senator Barbara Boxer, a Democrat from California, called Kerry's
statement "nonsensical and ridiculous." Senator Ted Cruz, a Texas
Republican, called for Kerry to resign.
To Kerry's defenders, it was a high-risk, high reward Secretary of
State speaking the truth about the need for a two-state solution. On
Monday night, Kerry said in a statement that he never said, or
suggested, that Israel was currently an apartheid state.
And on Tuesday, his aides stood by the remarks, which they said was
nothing more than Kerry reiterating a warning voiced by liberal
Israeli politicians such as Tzipi Livni, Ehud Olmert and Ehud Barak
"He said what Livni, Olmert and Barak all said," a senior State
Department official close to Kerry said on Tuesday.
And instead of admitting failure, aides said Kerry would continue
his Mideast negotiations after a pause of several months. After an
initial domestic political boost, the aide predicted, Israeli and
Palestinian officials would be forced back to the table by the
long-term need for a two-state solution.
"It's a matter of time before they all come back," the aide
predicted, "and want to have negotiations."
Bravado aside, the stakes for Kerry are vast. He has devoted more
time and prestige to the Israeli-Palestinian peace talks than any
other foreign policy issue during his first year as Secretary of
Foreign policy experts say Kerry may be stretching himself too thin.
In his first year, he has traveled more than any previous Secretary
of State and thrown himself at multiple complex foreign policy
issues, from Syria to Russia to South Sudan.
George Perkovich, a nonproliferation expert at the Carnegie
Endowment in Washington, said Kerry's work ethic was admirable but
he needs to narrow his focus and rely more on others.
"You have to admire his willingness to risk his prestige and
reputation in taking on the hardest challenges," Perkovich said. "At
some point, you have to make strategic priorities and realize that
solving big problems requires real sustained campaigns and
mobilizing parts of the government. You can't just get on a plane
and do it yourself."
The continued pursuit of fruitless Middle East peace talks could
undermine his credibility in other parts of the world and eventually
even could scuttle his tenure as secretary, experts say.
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Aaron David Miller, a former U.S. State Department peace negotiator
now at the Wilson Center in Washington, said a separate danger was
that the Israelis and Palestinians will use Kerry.
He said both sides appear unwilling to make the difficult
compromises needed for a final settlement. But they were happy to
drag on the talks for their own reasons. They allow Israel to avoid
international condemnation, Miller said. And they allow the
Palestinians to retain a degree of support from the United States.
"If, in fact, there is no real traction on the substance, he (Kerry)
starts to become part of the political furniture for the Israelis
and Palestinians," Miller said. "They start to take him for granted
and they start to use his presence."
Ghaith Al-Omari, executive director of the Washington-based American
Task Force on Palestine, said the failure of the talks was not due
to missteps by Kerry. Instead, it was the result of complex Israeli
and Palestinian domestic political dynamics that make historic
concessions difficult. Regional powers Saudi Arabia and Egypt are
also distracted by their struggles with Iran and the Muslim
Brotherhood and less likely to give political cover to the
"I think it was less of a failure of negotiations, more of when we
came to the moment of decision," he said. "The leaders weren't ready
and their political environments weren't ready."
Al-Omari also played down fears of renewed violence. He said that
there were several differences between the current situation, and
the collapse of talks in 2000.
Among the differences are Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas'
long-stated opposition to using violence as a tool to advance the
Palestinian cause and that the United States, so far, has not blamed
either side for the unraveling of the process.
In contrast, former U.S. President Bill Clinton made no secret of
his view in 2000 that the Palestinian side had been the more
intransigent. Palestine Liberation Organization Chairman Yasser
Arafat was more willing to employ, tolerate or encourage violence.
"Clinton did not create an exit ramp for anybody," Al-Omari said.
"He did not leave any exit ramps."
Al-Omari added that he believed a return to talks was possible.
"It is not dead yet and therefore I would not exclude the
possibility of some revival of the negotiations," he said. "Although
the old challenges would remain — the regional and the political
Kerry, for his part, left Washington on Tuesday night for a
week-long trip to Africa. An aide said he was showing "strategic
patience" when it comes to the Middle East and "very serene and
sanguine about it all."
(Additional reporting by Arshad Mohammed;
editing by Jason Szep and
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