The 72-hour break announced by U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry
and U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon was the most ambitious
attempt so far to end more than three weeks of fighting, and
followed mounting international alarm over a rising Palestinian
civilian death toll.
The ceasefire was to be followed by Israeli-Palestinian negotiations
in Cairo on a longer-term solution.
Israel launched its offensive in Hamas Islamist-dominated Gaza on
July 8, unleashing air and naval bombardments in response to a surge
of cross-border rocket attacks. Tanks and infantry pushed into the
territory of 1.8 million on July 17.
Gaza officials say at least 1,499 Palestinians, mostly civilians,
have been killed and 7,000 wounded. Sixty-one Israeli soldiers have
been killed and more than 400 hurt. Three civilians have been killed
by Palestinian rockets in Israel.
Some two hours after the truce went into effect, Israeli tanks and
artillery opened fire in the southern Rafah area, and a local
hospital said 40 people were killed.
The Israeli military had no immediate comment but media reports said
the shelling began after Hamas fighters exchanged fire with Israeli
soldiers on a mission to destroy infiltration tunnels.
Eight rockets and mortar bombs were fired from Gaza at Israel, the
military said, adding that one was intercepted by the Iron Dome
system and seven hit open areas.
An official in Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's office
said Hamas and other armed groups in the Gaza Strip had "flagrantly
violated the ceasefire". But the official stopped short of formally
declaring the truce over.
After the ceasefire began at 8 a.m. (0500 GMT), Gaza's streets began
to fill with Palestinian families. Laden with belongings, they
streamed back to homes they fled during fierce fighting that
destroyed or damaged thousands of dwellings.
"We are going back to Beit Lahiya (in the northern Gaza Strip),"
said Asharaf Zayed, a 38-year-old father of four. "We hope the truce
will be permanent and we won't have to go back to a U.N. shelter."
Amid strong public support in Israel for the Gaza campaign,
Netanyahu had faced intense pressure from abroad to stand his forces
International calls for an end to the bloodshed intensified after
shelling on Wednesday that killed 15 people sheltering in a U.N.-run
school in Gaza's Jabalya refugee camp.
The truce left Israeli ground forces in place in the Gaza Strip and
a military spokeswoman said operations were continuing to destroy a
warren of tunnels through which Hamas has menaced Israel's southern
towns and army bases.
"We are doing what needs to be done in order to neutralise them,"
Accomplishing that mission - the military said on Thursday the
tunnels hunt could be wrapped up in a few days - could open the way
for Israel to declare it has achieved the main goal of the ground
assault and withdraw its soldiers from Gaza.
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"Our understanding is that the Israelis will make clear to the U.N.
where their lines are, roughly, and they will continue to do
operations to destroy tunnels that pose a threat to Israeli
territory that lead from the Gaza strip into Israel proper as long
as those tunnels exist on the Israel side of their lines," a U.S.
State Department official said.
Hamas, isolated in an Arab world concerned about the rise Islamist
militancy, is seeking an end to Israel's blockade of Gaza. It also
wants a hostile Egypt to ease restrictions at its Rafah crossing
with the territory imposed after the military toppled Islamist
president Mohamed Mursi last July.
Israel has balked at freeing up Gaza's borders under any
de-escalation deal unless Hamas's disarmament is also guaranteed.
A senior State Department official travelling with Kerry in India
said U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Bill Burns would arrive in Cairo
on Saturday and that Frank Lowenstein, the acting U.S envoy for
Middle East peace, and another U.S. official, Jonathan Schwartz,
would be there on Friday.
The official said he believed the Palestinians would be in Cairo on
Friday, while the Israelis would arrive on Saturday.
The Palestinian delegation will be comprised of Hamas,
Western-backed Fatah, the Islamic Jihad militant group and a number
of smaller factions, Palestinian officials said.
But U.S. officials said Israel and the United States would not sit
across the table from Hamas, which the two countries, along with the
European Union, consider a terrorist group.
Just over an hour before the ceasefire was due to take effect
militants fired 11 rockets into Israel, one of which was intercepted
by the Iron Dome defence system over the centre of the country, a
military spokeswoman said.
Israeli strikes killed 14 people in Gaza, including eight from one
family, hospital officials said. Earlier, Hamas rockets set off
sirens in the Tel Aviv area and one was intercepted.
Israel's military said five of its soldiers were killed late on
Thursday by a mortar bomb.
Previous international attempts to broker a humanitarian truce
secured only shorter periods of calm, with some collapsing
immediately after being announced.
(Additional reporting by Ari Rabinovitch, David Brunnstrom in New
Delhi; Lesley Wroughton in Washington; Michelle Nichols at the
United Nations; and Omar Fahmy in Cairo; Writing by Jeffrey Heller
in Jerusalem; Editing by Giles Elgood)
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