LONDON, Aug 21 (Reuters) -
Euro zone private business growth slowed more than
expected this month, despite widespread price cutting,
as manufacturing and service industry activity both
dwindled, a survey showed on Thursday.
Euro zone economic growth ground to a halt in the second, quarter,
dragged down by a shrinking economy in Germany and a stagnant
France, even before any impact from sanctions imposed on and by
Russia over Ukraine.
Markit's Composite Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) will provide
gloomy reading for the European Central Bank (ECB), suggesting its
two biggest economies are struggling like smaller members.
Based on surveys of thousands of companies across the region and a
good indicator of overall growth, the Composite Flash PMI fell to
52.8 from July's 53.8, far short of expectations in a Reuters poll
for a modest dip to 53.4.
However, readings above 50 still indicate expansion. Markit said the
data point to third-quarter economic growth of 0.3 percent, matching
predictions from a Reuters poll last week.<EUGDPQ>
"We are not seeing a recovery taking real hold as yet. We are not
seeing anything where we look at it and think 'yes, this is the
point where the euro zone has come out of all its difficulties',"
said Rob Dobson, senior economist at Markit.
The euro zone has also yet to feel the full effect of escalating
tensions with Russia. Europe stung Moscow with economic sanctions,
tit-for-tat response from Russian President Vladimir Putin, over the
Kremlin's support for rebels in eastern Ukraine.
The composite PMI in Germany - Russia's biggest trade partner in the
European Union which has already seen exports to the country plunge
in the first half of the year - fell to 54.9 from 55.7.
For France, the euro zone's second largest economy, the Composite
PMI rose from 49.4 to the break-even mark at 50.
Struggling to support growth while battling the threat of deflation,
the ECB is providing another round of temporary access to cheap cash
for banks. There is also a one-in-three chance it embarks on an
asset purchase program next year, a Reuters poll showed.
Consumer prices in the euro zone rose just 0.4 percent on the year
in July, the weakest annual rise since October 2009 at the height of
the financial crisis, and well within the ECB's "danger zone" of
below 1 percent.
Worryingly, according to the composite output price index firms cut
prices for the 29th month - and at a faster rate than
in July. It dipped to 48.9 from 49.0.
Also of concern, suggesting factories do not expect things to
improve anytime soon, manufacturing headcount fell at the fastest
rate in nine months. The sub-index dropped to 49.1 from 49.9.
Optimism about the future also sank among services firms - the
business expectations index plummeted to 58.6 from 61.7, its
lowest reading in a year.
The manufacturing PMI fell to 50.8 from 51.8, below the consensus
forecast for 51.3 and its lowest since July 2013. The output index,
which is used to calculate the composite PMI, sank to 50.9 from
52.7. The services PMI fell in line with expectations to 53.5 from
(This corrected version of the story fixes month in headline to
August, not July).