A number of cities and counties in California and other U.S.
states, including Hawaii's Maui County, have made it illegal for
grocery stores to pack purchases in plastic. But at the state level,
opposition from plastic bag makers has usually prevailed.
The California Senate voted 22-15 for the bill, which must be signed
into law by Sept. 30 by Democratic Governor Jerry Brown, who has not
signaled a position on the measure.
"Single-use plastic bags not only litter our beaches, but also our
mountains, our deserts, and our rivers, streams and lakes," said
state Senator Alex Padilla, who sponsored the bill.
Padilla backed a similar measure last year but it failed by three
votes. The fate of this bill was uncertain until the waning hours of
the session after falling three votes short in the state's Assembly
But after picking up the support of the United Food and Commercial
Workers Union, the bill passed a second vote in the Assembly.
The measure would ban grocery stores from handing out single-use
grocery bags with customers' purchases, and provide money to local
plastic bag companies to retool to make heavier, multiple-use bags
that customers could buy.
Environmentalists have pushed for banning plastic bags, which are
cheaper for supermarkets to use than paper bags, but create
mountains of trash that is difficult to recycle. In California,
there is particular concern that the bags, when swept out to sea,
could harm ocean life.
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After the defeat of his earlier bill, Padilla won the support of
some California-based bag makers by including the funding for
retooling. But in recent months, out-of-state manufacturers
campaigned against the bill, even producing television
advertisements targeting Padilla, who is running for secretary of
Cathy Browne, general manager at Crown Poly, a plastic bag
manufacturer in Huntington Park, California, said the bill would
lead to layoffs at companies like hers.
More than 10 billion plastic bags are used in California each year,
according to an estimate by Californians Against Waste, an advocacy
group supporting the bill.
(Writing by Eric M. Johnson; Editing by Sharon Bernstein and Mark
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