SEOUL (Reuters) — Samsung Electronics
Co Ltd is bracing for its weakest smartphone profit growth this year
since 2007 as arch rival Apple Inc challenges its domination in
China's $80 billion market.
Samsung's mobile devices business, which earns two thirds of the
company's profit, will come under pressure when Apple makes its
phones available from January 17 via China Mobile Ltd, through which
Samsung has been selling smartphones for around seven years.
Apple is also widely expected to sell smartphones with larger
screens come autumn when it traditionally announces products,
neutralizing a selling point that Samsung has enjoyed since
introducing its Galaxy Note in late 2011.
"Profit decline in mobiles will be inevitable, as the majority of
growth will come from cheaper, low-margin phones, while competition
at the high end will get only tougher with Apple's iPhone deal in
China," said Shinhan Investment analyst Kim Young-chan.
Operating profit at Samsung's mobile devices division is likely to
grow by a low single digit or to shrink mildly in 2014, after
increasing its size by eight times over the past five years,
according to a Thomson Reuters' Starmine SmartEstimate of 23
analysts, which gives greater weighting to the more accurate
"Its business was already hit in the fourth quarter by Apple's
strong iPhone sales, and the impact will continue at least until the
end of the first quarter," said Kim.
Samsung, the world's biggest smartphone maker with a third of the
market, will release October-December earnings guidance on Tuesday
which will likely show operating profit growth of 10 percent at 9.75
trillion won ($9.24 billion), according to Starmine.
That would be 4 percent less than the record 10.2 trillion won of
July-September as Apple enjoyed buoyant sales in the United States
and Japan during the year-end holiday season.
Fourth-quarter earnings were also likely pulled down by a special
bonus related to the 20th anniversary of the "New Management"
strategy of Chairman Lee Kun-hee, which analyst estimates put at 300
billion to 700 billion won.
Samsung is the biggest smartphone vendor in China with sales
reaching around 70 million units last year, or 20 percent of its
total shipments, analysts estimate.
But Apple's China Mobile incursion and possible larger screen
offerings could cut sales of Samsung's latest Galaxy S and Note
series by 3 percent this year, BNP Paribas estimates. The iPhone is
widely perceived in China as a gold standard for high-end products,
"We think one of the key reasons Samsung has managed to take market
share from Apple so far is its large-sized screen offerings," BNP
analyst Peter Yu said in a note.
"However, this gap is likely to narrow if Apple launches
large-screen phones in 2014. Unless Samsung further differentiates
itself with flexible OLED (organic light-emitting diode) screens, it
may lose some of these high-end customers."
SHARES TUMBLE, WON SOARS
Samsung shares have been pummeled in recent weeks by 22 analysts
downgrading fourth-quarter earnings estimates over the past 30 days.
The shares, worth $190 billion, fell 10 percent over the past
fortnight to a 4-month low last week, wiping off market value to the
tune of $19 billion — equal to the total value of shares of Sony
The won's rise to a five-year high against the U.S. dollar has also
been prompting investors to sell, as a strong won reduces the value
of Samsung's repatriated earnings.
A strong won is particularly troublesome for Samsung's components
business, which generates around 30 percent of overall operating
profit, because it primarily settles accounts in dollars, analysts
Samsung's brightest spot is its semiconductor unit, which brings in
20 percent of operating profit, and which enjoys growth estimates of
around 42 percent this year.
Overall operating profit growth for 2014 is likely to be 6.2
percent, the slowest pace in three years, according to Starmine.