U.S. District Judge Katherine Forrest in Manhattan said on Tuesday
that jurors did not make a mistake on August 1 in finding Tourre
liable on six of the seven civil charges brought by the U.S.
Securities and Exchange Commission.
Tourre was accused of engineering a 2007 transaction that enabled a
hedge fund run by billionaire John Paulson to reap a big profit
while costing investors $1 billion in losses.
He argued that his conduct did not amount to fraud, that there was a
lack of evidence to support such a finding, and that Forrest had
instructed jurors incorrectly on the law.
"None of these arguments has merit," the judge concluded.
Forrest is still reviewing an SEC request that Tourre pay $1.15
million, including a $910,000 fine, as punishment.
The case took an unusual turn on Tuesday when the SEC, citing
information learned through "law enforcement channels," said Tourre
was planning by January 9 to transfer 300,000 pounds (about
$492,000) out of a UK bank account and lend it to a close relative
who was buying an apartment.
Concerned this might leave Tourre short of funds, the SEC asked
Forrest to direct that he keep $1.15 million in a U.S. bank account.
It said Tourre's lawyer has advised that Tourre intends to keep
enough assets there to cover a maximum penalty.
Forrest did not rule on that request on Tuesday.
Pamela Chepiga, a partner at Allen & Overy who is representing
Tourre, did not immediately respond to requests for comment on
Forrest's decision or the SEC request.
Goldman has been paying Tourre's legal fees, and an appeal is
possible after a penalty is assessed.
Tourre has become a symbol of the 2008 financial crisis, in part
because of an email in which he referred to himself as "fabulous Fab."
The SEC case remains one of the government's biggest legal victories
over conduct said to have contributed to the crisis.
While many individuals have been sued by the SEC and other
regulators, few have gone to trial. The SEC has not charged any
senior executives at major banks, and Tourre has argued that the
regulator made him a scapegoat.
Jurors found Tourre liable for misleading investors in a 2007
synthetic collateralized debt obligation called Abacus 2007-AC1 by
concealing how Paulson had helped construct the transaction and bet
that it would fail.
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They also said Tourre misled ACA Capital Holdings Inc, which also
chose assets for Abacus, into believing Paulson's firm would be an
equity investor in the CDO.
Tourre claimed that several charges should be dismissed because they
were premised on the charge on which he was held not liable, but the
"The bottom line is that Tourre and Goldman Sachs designed a
transaction with Paulson to enable Paulson to short a weak quality
portfolio of residential mortgage-backed securities," Forrest wrote.
"A jury could reasonably infer that informing the long investors
that ACA had selected the portfolio -- while leaving out that
Paulson was a short and had also selected the portfolio -- was a
necessary part of making the fraudulent scheme a success," she
Taking a "short" position means that an investor is betting a
security will fall in value, while taking a "long" position is a bet
that the price of the security will rise.
Forrest also rejected Tourre's claim that there was no evidence that
Abacus influenced his salary or bonus.
She said jurors could reasonably conclude that Abacus qualified as a
"domestic" transaction under a 2010 Supreme Court precedent,
Morrison v. National Australia Bank Ltd, to justify liability under
U.S. securities laws.
SEC spokesman John Nester said: "We are pleased with the decision."
Goldman agreed in a July 2010 settlement with the SEC to pay $550
million over Abacus, without admitting wrongdoing. Tourre later
began pursuing a doctorate in economics at the University of
The case is SEC v. Tourre, U.S. District Court, Southern District of
New York, No. 10-03229.
(Reporting by Jonathan Stempel in New
York; editing by Jonathan Oatis and Leslie Adler)
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