As much as 5,000 gallons (18,927 liters) of industrial chemical
4-methylcyclohexane methanol, or Crude MCHM, leaked into the river
on Thursday, Governor Earl Ray Tomblin told CNN.
He declared a state of emergency for nine counties on Friday, and
President Barack Obama issued an emergency declaration. The spill
forced schools and businesses to close in Charleston, West
Virginia's largest city.
Tomblin said that hourly tests on the affected water supply show
"the chemical level is declining".
"But we're just not sure exactly how long it's going to take before
it's acceptable to lift the do-not-drink ban," he said.
Jeff McIntyre, president of West Virginia American Water Co, which
runs the state's largest water treatment plant, also said he could
not say when the water would be safe to use.
"We don't know that the water's not safe, but I can't say it is
safe," he told a news conference.
Water carrying this chemical has an odor like licorice or anise,
McIntyre said, and though not highly lethal, the level that could be
considered safe has yet to be quantified.
By Friday evening, 737 people had called the West Virginia Poison
Center to report concerns or symptoms related to the spill, water
company spokeswoman Elizabeth Scharman said.
Symptoms included nausea, vomiting, dizziness, diarrhea, rashes and
reddened skin "varying from very mild to much more bothersome",
The center knew of 70 people who had been seen by an emergency room
doctor, though only a handful had been admitted to hospitals, she
The spill came from a tank belonging to Freedom Industries — a
Charleston company that produces specialty chemicals for the mining,
steel and cement industries — upriver from a plant run by West
Virginia American Water.
West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection had received a
report of a strange odor on Thursday morning and visited the site,
where they found a leaking tank, a spokeswoman for Governor Tomblin
"The old tank has been emptied and taken away and as of right now
the company is closed down," Tomblin said.
Tomblin said that when government officials arrived at the scene,
"They had had to convince them they needed to get in to take care of
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According to a letter from the Department of Environmental
Protection to Freedom Industries, officials had "discovered that no
spill containment measures had been initiated and that an
accumulating MCHM leak pool was seeping thru a dike wall adjacent to
the Elk River and a downriver oil sheen was observed."
Freedom Industries President Gary Southern said the company was
still determining how much had leaked and that the company has been
working with local and federal authorities, and apologized at a
media conference in Charleston.
"Our friends and our neighbors, this incident is extremely
unfortunate, unanticipated and we are very, very sorry for the
disruption to everybody's daily life that this incident has caused,"
Emergency workers and American Water distributed water to centers
around the affected area. Residents formed long lines at stores and
quickly depleted inventories of bottled water.
"It's just ridiculous," said Jaime Cook of Charleston, who was
buying one of the last jugs of water at a Wal-Mart store. "There's
nowhere to buy water and everywhere seems to be sold out. This isn't
going to last two days."
Tina May, a Charleston resident, even considered heading out of town
for the weekend. "I'm not sure how long I can last without a shower.
This is unbearable," she said.
North Carolina Governor Pat McCrory on Friday waived size and weight
restrictions for trucks to expedite delivery of water, equipment and
(Additional reporting by Mary Wisniewski in Chicago and Eric M.
Johnson in Seattle; editing by Louise Ireland and Lisa Shumaker)
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