The unrest flared in November and escalated this week when
demonstrators led by former opposition politician Suthep Thaugsuban
occupied main intersections of the capital, Bangkok, but the number
of people camping out overnight at some of the intersections appears
to be dropping.
The turmoil is the latest episode in an eight-year conflict that
pits Bangkok's middle class and royalist establishment against the
mostly poorer, rural supporters of Yingluck and her brother, former
premier Thaksin Shinawatra.
Yingluck's Puea Thai Party was helped to power in 2011 by offering
to buy rice at way above the market price to help poor farmers.
Critics say the program is riddled with corruption and — a
particular gripe of the more well-heeled protesters — that it has
cost taxpayers as much as 425 billion baht ($12.9 billion), although
that figure would drop if the government managed to find buyers for
the rice in state stockpiles.
"Those who oversaw the scheme knew there were losses but did not put
a stop to it," Vicha Mahakhun, of the National Anti-Corruption
Commission (NACC), told a news conference.
Yingluck is nominally head of the National Rice Committee and could
therefore eventually face charges.
The intervention price made Thai grain so expensive Thailand lost
its position as the world's top rice exporter, overtaken by India
Thaksin's rural and working-class support has ensured he or his
allies have won every election since 2001 and Puea Thai seems
certain to win an early election Yingluck has called for February.
The anti-government protesters have rejected the election.
They want to suspend what they say is a fragile democracy
destabilized by Thaksin, whom they accuse of nepotism and
corruption. Their goal is to eradicate the political influence of
his family by altering electoral arrangements, though in ways they
have not spelt out, along with other political reforms.
In a separate ruling, the NACC said it had grave doubts about
government-to-government deals announced by former Commerce Minister
Boonsong Teriyapirome. He and other officials will now be summoned
to explain themselves and the NACC will then decide whether to file
"The government rice deals did not happen because rice was not
shipped out of the country as they claimed," Vicha said.
Exporters raised the same question at the time in late 2012 and
Boonsong was sacked by Yingluck in June 2013 when he failed to
answer public concerns about the deals and the cost of the
PROTESTS LOSING MOMENTUM?
Many ministries and state agencies have closed to avoid violence,
with staff working from home or back-up facilities.
The protesters are trying to paralyze ministries, marching each day
from camps they have set up at the seven intersections. On Thursday
they targeted revenue offices.
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But along with the fewer numbers camping out overnight, attempts to
block traffic along other roads have become half-hearted.
"People see that the requests of the protesters are impossible under
the (law) and constitution," Yingluck told Reuters. "That's why the
number of supporters is getting less."
She was speaking as she left her temporary offices at a Ministry of
Defense facility in northern Bangkok, heading for a "reform forum"
at a nearby air force base.
"That's the best way for Thailand, to have a dialogue," she said.
"Whatever we don't agree on (and) the conflicts of the past can be
solved under the reform forum."
Army spokesman Winthai Suwaree said some troops were patrolling
protest areas or helping at medical tents.
The security forces have largely kept out of sight since the
blockades began this week, with the government keen to avoid any
The unrest is hurting the economy. Finance Minister Kittirat Na
Ranong said it might only grow 3 percent this year rather than the
forecast 4.5 percent because of disruption to manufacturing,
exports, consumption and tourism.
Somchai Sajjapong, head of the Finance Ministry's fiscal policy
office, said 2 trillion baht ($61 billion) of infrastructure
projects would not now start in the fiscal year to September and
other investment would also be delayed.
"These are two major factors for the growth forecast downgrade ...
If the February 2 election is not held, growth could be lower than 3
percent," he added.
Yingluck dissolved parliament in December in an attempt to end the
protests and she has set the election for February 2.
On Wednesday she invited protest leaders and political parties to
discuss a proposal to push back election day, but her opponents
stayed away. The date has been maintained.
(Additional reporting by Amy Sawitta Lefevre, Viparat Jantraprap,
Orathai Sriring and Chaiwat Subprasom; writing by Alan Raybould;
editing by John Chalmers and Nick Macfie)
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