The four members of Lebanon's militant Hezbollah movement are
accused of murder, terrorism and orchestrating the blast on Beirut's
waterfront, which almost tipped the country back into civil war.
All four — Salim Jamil Ayyash, Mustafa Amine Badreddine, Hussein
Hassan Oneissi and Assad Hassan Sabra — remain at large and are
being tried in absentia.
"The attackers killed innocent bystanders: a student, a hotel
worker, a cousin, a father, a brother, a daughter, friends," said
prosecutor Norman Farrell on Thursday.
"The attackers used an extraordinary quantity of high-grade
explosives, far more than was required to kill their main target.
Clearly their aim was not to ensure that their target was killed,
but to send a terrifying message and to cause panic among the
population of Beirut and Lebanon," he added.
SECTARIAN RIFTS, SYRIA
Hariri was killed in the deadliest of a series of attacks against
critics of Syria's military dominance in Lebanon.
His death triggered public protest and led to the establishment of
the U.N.-backed Special Tribunal for Lebanon, based in The Hague,
where prosecutors laid out their case on Thursday.
Hariri's Western supporters hailed the tribunal as a chance to close
a long chapter of impunity in Lebanon, where bombers and assassins
have operated since the 1975-1990 civil war with little prospect of
facing justice in court.
"I've been waiting for this for nine years ... But it's just the
beginning," said Anna El Hassan, whose husband Wissam, a Hariri
ally, was killed in a bomb blast in Beirut in 2012.
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The bomb which killed the billionaire former premier also drove a
wedge between Hariri's Sunni Muslim community and Lebanese Shi'ites
loyal to Syrian-backed Hezbollah, whose members now stand accused
That rift has been further poisoned by differences over Syria's
civil war, which has drawn Lebanese Sunni and Shi'ite fighters onto
opposing sides and has spilled over into deadly sectarian attacks in
Lebanon's main cities.
The four men jointly face nine charges and could be sentenced to
life imprisonment if found guilty after proceedings expected to last
"The evidence, including a considerable amount of telecoms data,
leaves marks behind concerning the true identities of the
perpetrators," said Farrell.
A large scale model of the scene of the bombing showed the St.
George Hotel, in front of which a Mitsubishi van laden with up to
3000kg of high-grade explosives detonated, leaving a massive crater
and sending plumes of black smoke into the sky.
The trial is being held in a converted basketball court in the
former headquarters of the Dutch intelligence services, a building
with its own moat on the outskirts of The Hague.
(Reporting by Thomas Escritt; editing by Sara Webb and Andrew
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