port probe into metal financing rattles banks, trade
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[June 05, 2014]
By Melanie Burton and Ruby Lian
SYDNEY/SHANGHAI (Reuters) -
Global trading houses and banks were scrambling to check
on their exposure to a probe into metal financing at
China's Qingdao port, as concerns grow that a crackdown
into commodity financing could hit trade in the world's
top metal buyer.
The investigation at the world's seventh largest port is looking
into whether single cargoes of metal were used multiple times to
obtain financing, according to industry sources. This means
different banks and trading houses were holding separate titles for
the same metal. The inquiry has revived concerns about the impact of
China's deepening credit crisis on its metal imports, much of which
piles up in warehouses to be used as collateral.
"Now the banks are all flying down to the port and literally,
together with the warehouse people and the traders, are physically
counting the stocks," said a source at a global trading company who
visited the port this week.
"When we were there we did hear a couple of traders holding the same
title. One was saying that one (cargo) belongs to me the other
trader said it belongs to him. They had the same document."
Standard Chartered on Thursday became the latest to say it was
monitoring the situation at Qingdao.
Standard Bank Group and a part-owned unit of Louis Dreyfus Corp [LOUDR.UL],
Singapore-listed GKE Corp., also warned on Wednesday of potential
A spokesman for Trafigura [TRAFGF.UL] said this week that the
trading house was following events at the port and gathering
Another major player Glencore, which also uses the port, declined to
comment earlier this week.
Copper prices in London fell to their lowest in more than three
weeks on Wednesday, partly due to worries over the probe, though
prices steadied on Thursday. [MET/L]
On Wednesday, Standard Bank said it had started an investigation
into potential irregularities at Qingdao port.
The bank, whose Standard Bank Plc subsidiary conducts commodities
trading, was responding to media enquiries relating to concerns over
stocks of metal held in bonded warehouses at the port.
"Standard Bank Group is not yet in a position to quantify any
potential loss arising from these circumstances," it said.
The bank said it will work with the local authorities as part of its
IRON ORE RECEIPTS
Authorities at the port in north east China have not officially
confirmed an investigation, and have said exports and operations are
[to top of second column]
But Xinhua news agency reported that the port had said it was
investigating whether iron ore warehouse receipts were fraudulently
used multiple times to raise finance from different banks.
Trading and warehousing sources also told Reuters some shipments of
copper and aluminum into the port had been disrupted, relating to an
investigation into the use of metal as collateral in financing.
Traders estimated 80,000 tonnes of aluminum and 20,000-45,0000
tonnes of copper with a combined value of $285-$460 million could be
affected by the investigation.
According to traders and warehousing sources, port authorities at
Qingdao's Dagang wharfs have been examining whether there had been
multiple issuing of receipts for single cargoes of metal tied to a
trading company and linked companies.
Logistics provider GKE Corp warned shareholders on Wednesday that
the investigation by port authorities might affect the business of a
metals logistics unit in China.
"The company is currently assessing the potential impact of the
investigation to the business," GKE said.
(Additonal reporting by Manolo Serapio in Singapore, Polly Yam in
Hong Kong and Susan Thomas in London; Editing by Erica Billingham
and Ed Davies)
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