The Islamic State, an al Qaeda offshoot previously known as
Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), posted pictures online
on Sunday of people waving black flags from cars and holding guns in
the air, the SITE monitoring service said.
The Islamic State says it wants to erase national boundaries from
the Mediterranean to the Gulf and return the region to a
Some analysts say the group is a credible threat to frontiers and is
stirring regional violence while others say it exaggerates its reach
and support through sophisticated media campaigns.
The group renamed itself and proclaimed its leader Abu Bakr
al-Baghdadi as "Caliph" - the head of the state - on Sunday.
It also called on factions worldwide to pledge their allegiance, in
a direct challenge to regional leaders and to the central leadership
of al Qaeda, which has disowned it.
Pictures were posted on Twitter on Sunday and appeared to have been
taken following the Islamic State's announcement. Reuters could not
immediately verify the contents of the pictures independently.
"NOW WE ARE IN IRAQ"
The hardline Sunni Muslim group has been trying to build strong
tribal support in its Raqqa bastion, the only provincial capital in
Syria under rebel control.
Islamic State also controls other areas in northern and eastern
Syria and across the frontier into Iraq, where it has advanced
towards Baghdad from the northern city of Mosul, which it captured
on June 10.
Islamic State also released a video called "Breaking of the
Borders", promoting its destruction of a frontier crossing between
the northern province of al-Hasakah in Syria and Nineveh province in
Iraq, said SITE, which tracks militant websites.
Mosul, the country's largest northern city, is the capital of
Nineveh. The video showed fighters from Islamic State killing Iraqi
"I say to the Islamic Ummah (community): Now we are in Iraq. Allah,
glorified and exalted ... smashed these borders, the borders of
Sykes-Picot, and now the Muslim can enter Iraq without a passport,"
the video said, according to a transcript.
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"Sykes-Picot" refers to the division of the Ottoman Empire
territories in 1916 by Britain and France.
The Sunni group follows al Qaeda's hard-line ideology but place more
emphasis on anti-Shi'ite sectarianism, saying Shi'ite Muslims and
other rivals are heretics deserving death.
In Syria, another monitoring group said the militants had recently
crucified eight rival rebel fighters, leaving their bodies in a town
square as a warning to others.
On Monday, pan-Arab daily al-Hayat showed a picture of bloodied,
hooded men hanging from wooden stakes by their arms on a platform.
One man was lying on the ground and all the men, dressed in civilian
clothes, appeared dead.
It was not possible to immediately verify the picture, which showed
the Islamic State's black flags placed on the edge of the square.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a group which tracks the
violence, said Islamic State fighters crucified the men the town
square of Deir Hafer in the Aleppo province on Saturday for being
Such infighting has killed around 7,000 people in Syria this year
and complicated the three-year uprising against President Bashar
(Reporting by Sylvia Westall, Editing by William Maclean and Andrew
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