ISTANBUL (Reuters) — Prime Minister Tayyip
Erdogan has threatened to ban Facebook and YouTube in Turkey in an
attempt to stop political foes anonymously posting audio recordings
purportedly exposing corruption and other malpractices in his inner
In the latest recording, released on YouTube late Thursday,
Erdogan is purportedly heard berating a newspaper owner over the
telephone about an article and suggesting the journalists be sacked,
in comments that will further stoke concerns over media freedom and
Erdogan's authoritarian style of leadership.
Erdogan, who rejects any accusations of corruption, blames
U.S.-based Turkish Muslim preacher Fethullah Gulen, a former ally,
for the wiretaps which he says have been "fabricated". Gulen, who
denies any involvement, has many followers in Turkey, especially in
the police and judiciary.
"We are determined on this subject. We will not leave this nation at
the mercy of YouTube and Facebook," Erdogan said in an interview
with Turkish broadcaster ATV aired late on Thursday.
"We will take the necessary steps in the strongest way," he said,
adding that these would come after municipal elections in Turkey set
for March 30.
Asked if a ban on these sites could be included among the planned
measures, he said: "Included, because these people or institutions
encourage every kind of immorality and espionage for their own
There was no immediate reaction from Facebook or YouTube.
Turkey banned YouTube for more than two years until 2010 after users
posted videos the government deemed insulting to the republic's
founder, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.
Turkey's communications minister appeared to defend the putative
"We see insults against a country's prime minister and president,
the uploading of illegal videos — and we're supposed to be at ease
with this? ... Whatever is a crime in the real world is also a crime
in the virtual world," the Dogan news agency quoted Lutfu Elvan as
saying on Friday.
Turkey recently tightened government control of the Internet saying
it wanted to defend privacy. Erdogan's critics said the new law was
a further bid to hush up allegations of high-level graft flooding
social media and video sharing sites.
Erdogan says the postings are part of a campaign to discredit him
and wreck his government, which has presided over more than a decade
of strong economic growth and rising living standards in NATO-member
He says fragments of tapped conversations have been fitted together
in a 'montage' giving a false and misleading impression of their
Five more recordings have appeared on YouTube this week alone, part
of what Erdogan sees as a campaign to sully his ruling
Islamist-rooted AK Party before the March 30 local elections and a
presidential poll due later this year.
Reuters has not been able to verify the authenticity of the
In Thursday's audio posting, Erdogan is portrayed taking to task
businessman Erdogan Demiroren after his newspaper Milliyet published
on its front page about a year ago an article on the sensitive issue
of peace talks with Turkey's Kurdish rebels.
"Would you keep someone who would do something dishonorable in your
office, would you keep them there for another hour?" the voice
presented by the anonymous poster as that of the prime minister
"No, we wouldn't," replies Demiroren, who later in the conversation
bursts into tears, apparently upset at coming under pressure from
the prime minister to sack two of his journalists.
The AK Party, which remains far ahead of its rivals in opinion polls
despite the corruption scandal, denies exerting undue influence over
the media, but journalists, rights groups and the European Union — which Turkey aspires to join — have long accused the government of
curtailing press freedoms.
In another recording this week, Erdogan purportedly urges his
then-justice minister to speed up a court case against a media
magnate who belongs to a secular elite which has often had tense
relations with the Islamist-rooted government.
A Turkish official told Reuters that data and logs related to
digital recordings from before 2012 had been deleted in the database
of Turkey's state telecommunications authority TIB.
It was not clear what had happened to the recordings but
pro-government media reports said they had been copied and deleted
by Gulen's followers.
Statistics and information from before 2011 on how many people had
been listened to had also been deleted. The official said this made
it impossible to produce evidence for court cases related to those
According to figures he provided, some 250,000 people were
wiretapped in 2011, 583,000 in 2012 and 607,000 in 2013.
(Additional reporting by Ece Toksabay and Umit Bektas;
Gareth Jones; editing by Ralph Boulton)