European Union foreign ministers met in Brussels to decide on visa
bans and asset freezes against Russian and Crimean officials held
responsible for Moscow's military seizure of the southern Ukrainian
region that is home to its Black Sea fleet.
As state media in Russia carried a startling reminder of its
power to turn the United States to "radioactive ash", President
Barack Obama spoke to Vladimir Putin, telling the Russian president
that he and his European allies were ready to impose "additional
costs" on Moscow for violating Ukraine's territory.
The Kremlin and the White House issued statements saying Obama and
Putin saw diplomatic options to resolve what is the gravest crisis
in East-West relations since the Cold War.
But Obama said Russian forces must first end "incursions" into its
ex-Soviet neighbor while Putin renewed his accusation that the new
leadership in Kiev, brought to power by an uprising that toppled his
elected Ukrainian ally last month, were failing to protect
Russian-speakers from violent Ukrainian nationalists.
A complete preliminary count of Sunday's vote showed that 96.77
percent of voters opted to join Russia, the chairman of the regional
government commission overseeing the referendum, Mikhail Malyshev,
announced live on television.
Officials said the turnout was 83 percent. Crimea is home to 2
million people. Members of the ethnic Ukrainian and Muslim Tatar
minorities had said they would boycott the poll, held just three
weeks after Russian forces took control of the peninsula.
Putin, whose popularity at home has been boosted by his action on
Crimea despite a big hit to Russian markets, is to address an
extraordinary joint session of the Russian parliament about Crimea
on Tuesday, Itar-Tass news agency reported.
Moscow defended the takeover of the majority ethnic Russian Crimea
by citing a right to protect "peaceful citizens". Ukraine's interim
government has mobilized troops to defend against an invasion of its
eastern mainland, where pro-Russian protesters have been involved in
deadly clashes in recent days.
The Ukrainian parliament on Monday endorsed a presidential decree
for a partial military mobilization to call up 40,000 reservists to
counter Russia' military actions.
MILITARY ACTION UNLIKELY
Russia's lower house of parliament will pass legislation allowing
Crimea to join Russia "in the very near future", news agency
Interfax cited its deputy speaker as saying on Monday.
"Results of the referendum in Crimea clearly showed that residents
of Crimea see their future only as part of Russia," Sergei Neverov
was quoted as saying.
Japan on Monday echoed Western nations in rejecting the referendum
and called on Russia not to annex Crimea. China, which abstained on
a U.N. resolution last week rather than join Russia in vetoing it,
called for calm and restraint but avoided comment on the referendum
or the annexation issue.
U.S. and European officials say military action is unlikely over
Crimea, which Soviet rulers handed to Ukraine 60 years ago.
But the risk of a wider Russian incursion, as Putin calculates the
West will not respond as he tries to restore Moscow's hold over its
old Soviet empire, leaves NATO wondering how to help Kiev without
triggering what some Ukrainians call "World War Three".
For now, the West's main tools appear to be escalating economic
sanctions, which could seriously weaken the stagnant Russian
economy, and diplomatic isolation.
China has said it does not back sanctions on Moscow — normally a
close diplomatically and key economic partner.
Highlighting the stakes, journalist Dmitry Kiselyov, who is close to
the Kremlin, stood before an image of a mushroom cloud on his weekly TV show to
issue a stark warning. He said: "Russia is the only country in the world that is
realistically capable of turning the United States into radioactive ash."
[to top of second column]
On Lenin Square in the centre of the Crimean capital Simferopol, a
band struck up even before polls closed as the crowd waved Russian
flags. Regional premier Sergei Aksyonov, a businessman nicknamed
"Goblin" who took power when Russian forces moved in two weeks ago,
thanked Moscow for its support.
The regional rubber-stamped a plan
to transfer allegiance to Russia on Monday before Aksyonov travels
to Moscow, although the timing of any final annexation is in doubt.
Putin may hold off a formal move as diplomatic bargaining continues
over economic and diplomatic sanctions that many EU states fear
could hurt them as much as they do Russia.
"Cherish Putin, he is a great, great president!" said Olga Pelikova,
52, as fireworks lit up the night sky and fellow Crimeans said they
hoped to share in Russia's oil-fuelled wealth after two decades of
instability and corruption in Ukraine.
But many ethnic Tatars, Muslims who make up 12 percent of Crimea's
population, boycotted the vote, fearful of a revival of the
persecution they suffered for centuries under Moscow's rule.
"This is my land. This is the land of my ancestors. Who asked me if
I want it or not?" said Shevkaye Assanova, a Tatar in her 40s. "I
don't recognize this at all."
A pressing concern for the governments in Kiev and Moscow is the
transfer of control of Ukrainian military bases. Many are surrounded
by and under control of Russian forces, even though Moscow formally
denies it has troops in the territory beyond facilities it leases
for its important Black Sea Fleet.
On Sunday, the Ukrainian and Russian militaries agreed on a truce in
Crimea until March 21, Ukraine's government said.
Crimea's parliamentary speaker said on Monday Ukrainian military
units in the region would be disbanded although personnel would be
allowed to remain on the Black Sea peninsula, Russian news agency
In Brussels EU foreign ministers were debating the size of a first
list of Russian and Crimean officials to be sanctioned individually
for actions that "threaten the territorial integrity, sovereignty
and independence of Ukraine".
Czech Foreign Minister Lubomir Zaoralek said an initial list of 120
to 130 names had been whittled down to about 20 people.
EU leaders meeting on Thursday and Friday may take further measures
if diplomacy has not achieved results by then, diplomats said.
The ministers were also expected to cancel an EU-Russia summit
scheduled for June in Sochi, where Putin last month hosted the
The U.S. administration is also preparing to identify Russians to
punish with visa bans and asset freezes that Obama authorized this
month. It, too, is likely to act on Monday.
(Additional reporting by Mike Collett-White and Andrew Osborn in
Simferopol, Ron Popeski, Richard Balmforth and Natalia Zinets in
Kiev, Lina Kushch in Donetsk, Roberta Rampton and Matt Spetalnick in
Washington, Adrian Croft and Jan Strupczewski in Brussels and Lidia
Kelly and Timothy Heritage in Moscow; writing by Alastair Macdonald
and Paul Taylor; editing by Giles Elgood)
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