The unemployment rate among veterans who had joined the military
after September 11, 2001, averaged 9.0 percent last year, down from
9.9 percent in 2012, the Labor Department said. That was about 1.6
percentage points above the rate for the civilian population.
Joblessness among this group is set to worsen as the war in
Afghanistan winds down. Pentagon's proposed budget calls for the
U.S. Army to shrink to around 450,000 from a war-time high of
The Obama administration and the U.S. Congress have pushed forward
an array of measures, including tax credits for companies employing
veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars.
"There is still much work to be done for our nation's youngest
veterans," said James Jones, co-chair at the nonprofit Call of Duty
Endowment in Arlington, Virginia.
"These brave young men and women bring tremendous value to the
workplace and it is the job of executives and hiring managers alike
to promote their worth and eradicate the still-evident discrepancy
in employment rates."
Call of Duty Endowment helps veterans find careers by supporting
groups that prepare them for the job market.
Research by Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago economists last year
found that veterans deployed overseas for prolonged periods
struggled to find work because of the traumas of war, as well as
training that did not readily translate into the civilian world.
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Among 9/11 military veterans, women suffered the most from high
joblessness, with an unemployment rate of 9.6 percent in 2013. That
compared to 12.5 percent in 2012. Unemployed female veterans were
concentrated in the 18-34 age group last year.
The unemployment rate for men was 8.8 percent, down from 9.5 percent
the previous year. Unemployment was high for men in the 18-24 age
group, with the rate at 24.3 percent.
For men aged 25 to 34, the unemployment rate was 9.2 percent. For
male veterans 35 and older, the unemployment rate was below 6.5
percent last year.
(Reporting by Lucia Mutikani; editing by Mohammad Zargham)
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