The first criminal conviction of a former Israeli head of
government all but ended speculation that Olmert - a centrist
credited internationally with working towards a peace settlement
with the Palestinians - might return to political life.
He had denied any wrongdoing in the property deal, approved when he
served as Jerusalem's mayor, that led to the construction of the
hilltop Holyland apartment towers, a hulking stone complex widely
seen as one of the city's worst eyesores.
"A public servant who takes bribes is akin to a traitor," said Judge
David Rozen in the Tel Aviv District Court, as he handed down a
six-year prison term sought by prosecutors and fined Olmert 1
million shekels ($289,500).
Rozen found Olmert guilty on March 31 of two bribery charges, saying
the former prime minister had accepted 500,000 shekels from
developers of the Holyland project and 60,000 shekels in a separate
real estate deal.
Olmert, the judge said, devoted most of his time to "praise-worthy"
public service - but "also lined his own pockets".
"The accused served as the prime minister of Israel. From this high
and honorable post, he reached the position of having been convicted
of the most despicable and grave crimes," Rozen said.
Rozen ordered Olmert, 68, to report to prison on September 1,
effectively giving his lawyers time to take the case to a higher
court and request that he remain free until it rules.
Known as one of the country's most gregarious politicians, Olmert
sat largely stony-faced during the court session, and made no
"He did not take a bribe. He did not receive a bribe. He sees
himself as innocent, and it is with those feelings that he will be
going to the Supreme Court to appeal," Olmert lawyer Eli Zohar told
Two years ago, Olmert was acquitted of most of the major charges
brought against him in separate cases involving his links to a U.S.
Those corruption allegations forced Olmert's resignation as prime
minister in 2008, and his acquittal had appeared to position him for
a possible political comeback.
Olmert has made several criticisms of Prime Minister Benjamin
Netanyahu's policies toward the Palestinians, fuelling talk about
his future political ambitions.
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But the judge said Olmert's crimes entailed "moral turpitude", which
under Israeli law would preclude him from running for public office
for seven years after finishing his jail term.
A lawyer by
profession, Olmert began his political career in the 1970s as a
lawmaker who targeted organized crime in Israel.
He was mayor of Jerusalem from 1993 to 2003 and prime minister from
2006 to 2009, staying in office in a caretaker capacity until after
an election that brought right-winger Netanyahu to power.
As Israel's leader, Olmert waged war against militants in Lebanon in
2006 and the Gaza Strip in 2008.
He claimed significant progress in talks with the Palestinians aimed
at securing a final peace deal, offering an Israeli withdrawal from
much of the occupied West Bank. But no agreement was reached.
After a three-year break, U.S.-brokered negotiations resumed in
July, but they were frozen last month by Netanyahu after President
Mahmoud Abbas's Palestine Liberation Organization signed a
reconciliation deal with Hamas, an Islamist group that advocates
Palestinians blamed Netanyahu for the collapse, citing Israeli
settlement-building and his failure to carry out a pledged prisoner
Olmert was among 13 defendants in the Holyland case. Sentences
handed down on Tuesday against six of the other accused ranged from
three to seven years.
In 2010, a former Israeli president, Moshe Katsav, was convicted on
rape charges. He is serving a seven-year sentence.
(Writing by Jeffrey Heller, Editing by Maayan Lubell and Andrew
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