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Nigeria's President Orders Full Scale Offensive On Boko Haram

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[May 29, 2014]  By Tim Cocks
 
 ABUJA (Reuters) - Nigeria's president said on Thursday he had ordered "a full-scale operation" against Boko Haram Islamist militants and sought to reassure the parents of 219 schoolgirls being held by the group that their children would be freed.

Speaking on Nigeria's Democracy Day, Goodluck Jonathan said he had authorized security forces to use any means necessary under the law to ensure that Boko Haram, which operates in the country's northeast is defeated.

"I am determined to protect our democracy, our national unity and our political stability, by waging a total war against terrorism," Jonathan said in a TV speech.

It was not immediately what such an offensive could entail given that the northeast of the country has been under a state of emergency and a full scale military operation for a year. Nigerian forces are also hugely overstretched.

The phrase "total war", however, was used by Chad's President Idriss Deby following a meeting of Nigeria's neighbors in Paris in mid-May, in which they sought a common strategy to fight the militants.
 


"I assure you ... that these thugs will be driven away. It will not happen overnight, but we will spare no effort to achieve this goal," Jonathan said.

On April 14 Boko Haram militants surrounded a secondary school in the remote northeastern village of Chibok and took away 276 girls who had been taking exams in trucks, according to official figures from an audit this week.

Nigeria's Borno state, which is at epicenter of the insurgency, said on Wednesday a total of 57 of the kidnapped girls had escaped. But 219 others were still missing and assumed held by the militants, who say they are fighting for an Islamic state in Nigeria and have killed thousands over the years.

"With the support of Nigerians, our neighbors and the international community, we will reinforce our defense, free our girls and rid Nigeria of terrorists," Jonathan said.

"I share the deep pain and anxiety of their parents."

INTERNATIONAL SPOTLIGHT

The mass abduction thrust the Islamist insurgency into the international spotlight like never before, with a #BringBackOurGirls Twitter campaign drawing in U.S. First Lady Michelle Obama and Hollywood star Angelina Jolie.

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Capitalizing on this, Jonathan has sought to paint Boko Haram as part of a broader global jihadist movement being directed from abroad, the first time he has taken this line.

"Extremist foreign elements, collaborating with some of our misguided citizens," was one phrase he used to describe them.

"What we are witnessing in Nigeria today is a manifestation of the same warped and ferocious world view that brought down the Twin Towers in New York (and) killed innocent persons in Boston," Jonathan said, referring, respectively, to the September 11, 2001 attacks and the April 2013 marathon bombing.

Scores have been killed in Nigerian bombings in the past month, including two on the capital Abuja.

But signaling a willingness to negotiate, Jonathan said: "our doors remain open to them for dialogue and reconciliation."

Chief of Defence Staff Air Marshal Alex Badeh said on Tuesday the military knew where the abducted girls were but ruled out a rescue by force for fear of endangering them. The military was criticized for its slow response to the crisis, but Jonathan has accepted international help.

U.S. troops have deployed to Chad on a mission to find the girls, and surveillance drones are being used.

(Additional reporting by Felix Onuah; Editing by Jeremy Gaunt)

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