Speaking on Nigeria's Democracy Day, Goodluck Jonathan said he had
authorized security forces to use any means necessary under the law
to ensure that Boko Haram, which operates in the country's northeast
"I am determined to protect our democracy, our national unity and
our political stability, by waging a total war against terrorism,"
Jonathan said in a TV speech.
It was not immediately what such an offensive could entail given
that the northeast of the country has been under a state of
emergency and a full scale military operation for a year. Nigerian
forces are also hugely overstretched.
The phrase "total war", however, was used by Chad's President Idriss
Deby following a meeting of Nigeria's neighbors in Paris in mid-May,
in which they sought a common strategy to fight the militants.
"I assure you ... that these thugs will be driven away. It will not
happen overnight, but we will spare no effort to achieve this goal,"
On April 14 Boko Haram militants surrounded a secondary school in
the remote northeastern village of Chibok and took away 276 girls
who had been taking exams in trucks, according to official figures
from an audit this week.
Nigeria's Borno state, which is at epicenter of the insurgency, said
on Wednesday a total of 57 of the kidnapped girls had escaped. But
219 others were still missing and assumed held by the militants, who
say they are fighting for an Islamic state in Nigeria and have
killed thousands over the years.
"With the support of Nigerians, our neighbors and the international
community, we will reinforce our defense, free our girls and rid
Nigeria of terrorists," Jonathan said.
"I share the deep pain and anxiety of their parents."
The mass abduction thrust the Islamist insurgency into the
international spotlight like never before, with a #BringBackOurGirls
Twitter campaign drawing in U.S. First Lady Michelle Obama and
Hollywood star Angelina Jolie.
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Capitalizing on this, Jonathan has sought to paint Boko Haram as
part of a broader global jihadist movement being directed from
abroad, the first time he has taken this line.
"Extremist foreign elements, collaborating with some of our
misguided citizens," was one phrase he used to describe them.
"What we are witnessing in Nigeria today is a manifestation of the
same warped and ferocious world view that brought down the Twin
Towers in New York (and) killed innocent persons in Boston,"
Jonathan said, referring, respectively, to the September 11, 2001
attacks and the April 2013 marathon bombing.
Scores have been killed in Nigerian bombings in the past month,
including two on the capital Abuja.
But signaling a willingness to negotiate, Jonathan said: "our doors
remain open to them for dialogue and reconciliation."
Chief of Defence Staff Air Marshal Alex Badeh said on Tuesday the
military knew where the abducted girls were but ruled out a rescue
by force for fear of endangering them. The military was criticized
for its slow response to the crisis, but Jonathan has accepted
U.S. troops have deployed to Chad on a mission to find the girls,
and surveillance drones are being used.
(Additional reporting by Felix Onuah; Editing by Jeremy Gaunt)
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