The euro stayed near a two-year trough against the greenback as
investors awaited the ECB's decision and its president Mario
Draghi's press conference at 13.30 GMT.
Draghi is likely to be quizzed about a Reuters report that some
national central bankers in the euro area planned to challenge him
over what they see as his secretive management style and erratic
The dollar was flat at 114.62 yen after storming to a seven-year
high of 115.52 on trading platform EBS overnight.
Traders said the greenback was taking a pause after rallying around
5 percent against the yen since the Bank of Japan surprised markets
by increasing its already massive monetary stimulus program last
The dollar index inched down 0.1 percent to 87.359, having hit a
4-1/2 year peak of 87.606 on Wednesday.
The euro last traded up 0.1 percent at $1.2499, flirting with a
two-year low of $1.2439 set early in the week.
Disappointing surveys of euro zone business growth, as well as the
BoJ's surprise action, have added pressure on the ECB to ease more.
But most investors expect the central bank to hold off from
announcing any further policies this month, waiting instead for its
already-announced stimulus to unfold.
"It's always a little odd when you start rolling out programs on top
of others -- it smacks of panic and that's certainly not what the
ECB would want to portray," said Neil Mellor, an FX strategist at
Bank of New York Mellon in London.
"But I believe that it is now ECB policy - albeit unofficial policy
-- that the ECB wants the euro to weaken, because it's the path of
least resistance," Mellor said. "It is just a question of how far
the euro will drop now."
COMMODITY CURRENCIES HIT
Soft data out of Europe again contrasted with more upbeat news from
the United States, where private employers added 230,000 jobs in
October, marking a record seven straight months of job gains
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The upbeat U.S. data fanned expectations of a strong reading on
Friday of the closely watched nonfarm payrolls report.
Longer term prospects for the yen remained bearish after BOJ
Governor Haruhiko Kuroda said the central bank was ready to do even
more to hit its 2 percent inflation goal and recharge a tottering
economy after last week's shock easing.
Currencies of commodity-producing countries continued retreating as
global growth concerns dampened demand for exports such as crude oil
and iron ore.
The Australian dollar fell to a four-year low of $0.8553 against the
U.S. dollar in Asian trading, as iron ore -- Australia's major
export -- fell to a five-year low amid cooling demand from key
BNP Paribas strategists said weakness in the Australian dollar was
overdone, and that long positions funded in euros or yen should do
well as the BOJ and ECB keep policy loose.
The Norwegian crown has also retreated steadily, losing almost 5
percent in the past month, as the price of crude oil -- Norway's
main export -- has plummeted, hitting a four-year low this week. The
euro fetched 8.5387 crowns, up 0.1 percent, having hit a five-year
high of 8.679 on Wednesday.
(Additional reporting by Shinichi Saoshiro in Tokyo and Ian Chua in
Sydney; Editing by Catherine Evans)
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