"It didn't feel like eating insects," says Bae, an 18-year-old
student having lunch with a friend at Papillon's Kitchen, a Seoul
restaurant specialising in insects.
That's because the mealworms in her dishes were hydrolised into
powder to make the pasta and soup.
Insect-eating, or entomophagy, has long been common in much of the
world, including South Korea, where boiled silky worm pupae, or
beondegi, are a popular snack.
Now, South Korea is looking to expand its insect industry as a
source of agricultural income by promoting more consumption, joining
a global trend that has seen rising interest in insects as a
nutritious and environmentally friendly food.
To do that, the government is trying to make people more comfortable
with the idea of eating crickets and mealworms that are ground into
powder or hydrolysed to extract oils and protein and turned into
food, from ice cream to sausages.
Kim Young Wook, chief executive of the private-sector Korean Edible
Insect Laboratory and owner of Papillon's Kitchen, said key to
winning over sceptical customers was presentation.
"If people taste foods after having a good first impression, and
find they are delicious, that's everything, because taste speaks for
itself," he said this week at a tasting event staged by the
South Korea's insect industry was worth 304 billion won ($278
million) last year, nearly double from 2011, although food for
humans accounted for just 6 billion won of that with the rest coming
from uses like animal feed.
The government wants to expand the industry to 530 billion won by
2020, with food making up nearly a fifth.
The number of farms producing insects rose to 724 last year, from
265 in 2011.
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Insects can be a rich source of fat, protein, vitamins, fibre and
minerals, according to the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
The composition of unsaturated omega-3 and six fatty acids in
mealworms is comparable to that in fish and higher than in beef and
pork, it says.
Globally, at least 2 billion people eat insects and more than 1,900
species have been used for food, according to the FAO, which said
entomophagy could play a key role in food security and environmental
protection. Insects need less land and water than cattle.
Kim Jong Hee, who has been raising insects since 2000 for animal
feed, began farming mealworms and crickets for people in 2013.
"In the past, people used to shake their heads when they thought of
bugs, but now more people believe insects are edible," he said.
($1 = 1,094.1200 won)
(Editing by Tony Munroe)
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