GM mustard clears hurdle in India but
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[August 27, 2016]
By Mayank Bhardwaj and Krishna N. Das
NEW DELHI (Reuters) - A government panel
has cleared commercial use of what would be India's first genetically
modified (GM) food crop, but politicians still have to give final
approvals amid wide-spread public opposition.
Technical clearance for indigenously developed GM mustard seeds was
given on Aug. 11 by the panel of government and independent experts,
following multiple reviews of crop trial data generated over almost a
decade, said two sources with direct knowledge of the matter.
The decision to go ahead is likely to be made public soon by the
environment ministry's Genetic Engineering Approval Committee, and is
expected eventually to move to Prime Minister Narendra Modi's desk via
Environment Minister Anil Madhav Dave.
Dave could not immediately be reached for comment.
The environment ministry said in a statement late on Thursday that no
final decision has been taken yet and that its Genetic Engineering
Approval Committee will put up a 'safety document' on the issue on its
website seeking comments from the public.
The news of the technical approval comes when U.S. seed maker Monsanto -
which dominates the GM cotton market in India - faces heightened
government regulation that has forced it to consider quitting a country
it has operated in for decades.
Reuters reported on Wednesday that Monsanto had withdrawn an application
seeking approval for its next generation GM cotton seeds in India,
escalating a long-running dispute between New Delhi and the world's
biggest seed maker.
Top India executives of multinationals like Monsanto, Bayer Biosciences,
Dow AgroSciences, DuPont Pioneer and Syngenta have called a joint news
conference on Friday to make an "important announcement", following what
they called difficult times that have impacted operations of seed
Permitting GM food crops is a big call for India, which spends tens of
billions of dollars importing edible oils and other food items every
year. Farmers are stuck with old technology, yields are at a fraction of
world levels, cultivable land is shrinking and weather patterns have
become less predictable, experts say.
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An Indian scientist holds a genetically modified (GM) rapeseed crop
under trial in New Delhi, India February 13, 2015. REUTERS/Anindito
But political and public opposition to lab-altered food remains
strong amid fears that GM crops could compromise food safety and
Some grassroots groups associated with Modi's nationalist Bharatiya
Janata Party have also opposed GM crops because of the reliance on
seeds patented by multi-nationals like Monsanto, DuPont, Dow
Chemical and Syngenta, which is to be taken over by a Chinese
India placed a moratorium on GM eggplant in 2010, also after an
experts panel had given its clearance, effectively bringing the
regulatory system to a deadlock.
Modi, however, who was instrumental in making Gujarat state India's
leading user of GM cotton when he was chief minister there, cleared
several field trials for GM crops soon after taking office in New
Delhi in 2014.
The GM mustard developed by Delhi University scientists makes use of
three genes already incorporated in rapeseed hybrids in Canada, the
United States and Australia.
Extensive biosafety tests have revealed no cause for concern,
according to a field trial report submitted to the government and
seen by Reuters.
(Reporting by Krishna N. Das; Editing by Tom Hogue, William Hardy
and Alexandra Hudson)
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