The message was delivered in a conference call involving USOC
officials and leaders of U.S. sport federations in late January,
according to two people who participated in the call.
Federations were told that no one should go to Brazil "if they don't
feel comfortable going. Bottom line," said Donald Anthony, president
and board chairman of USA Fencing.
The USOCís briefing to sport federations is the latest sign that
Olympics officials are taking the Zika threat to the games in Rio de
Janeiro seriously, and acknowledging that at least some athletes and
support staff could face a tough decision over whether to attend.
The United States won most medals at the last Olympics in London in
2012, so any disruption to its presence would be important for the
Global health authorities suspect the mosquito-borne Zika virus has
caused a spike in Brazil of microcephaly, a birth defect marked by
an abnormally small head. As a result, the World Health Organization
declared an international health emergency Feb. 1, and the U.S.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is advising
pregnant women or those considering becoming pregnant to avoid
travel to places with Zika outbreaks.
The USOCís Alan Ashley, its chief of sport performance, and other
USOC officials, briefed the leaders of the federations.
Ashley did not respond to email or phone calls requesting comment.
USOC spokesman Mark Jones confirmed by email that Ashley had
"briefed federation leaders on the CDC's recommendations and we will
continue to ensure that athletes and officials affiliated with Team
USA receive any updates from the CDC."
The USOC has not issued its own set of recommendations for athletes
and staff beyond what the CDC and WHO have issued.
Jones declined to comment further or respond to specific questions
from Reuters before publication.
In a statement on Monday, another USOC spokesman Patrick Sandusky
said media reports that the USOC has advised U.S. athletes to
reconsider competing in Rio due to the Zika virus were inaccurate.
It was unclear what media reports he was referring to and he
couldn't be immediately reached for comment.
"Team USA looks forward to the Games and we did not, would not and
will not prevent athletes from competing for their country should
they qualify," Sandusky said.
Recalling the conference call, Anthony, a former Olympian, said:
"One of the things that they immediately said was, especially for
women that may be pregnant or even thinking of getting pregnant,
that whether you are scheduled to go to Rio or no, that you
"And no one should go if they feel at all as though that that threat
could impact them," said Anthony, who praised the USOC's handling of
the outbreak so far.
Zika outbreaks have been reported in 33 countries, most of them in
the Americas. Symptoms of infection often are mild or imperceptible.
But the outbreak in Brazil that began last year has been accompanied
by more than 4,000 cases of suspected microcephaly; investigators
have confirmed more than 400. The link to Zika is unproven but
In El Salvador, which is experiencing outbreaks of the virus, women
are being advised to put off pregnancy until 2018.
Will Connell, Director of Sport at the U.S. Equestrian Federation,
said the USOC was leaving the decision up to individual athletes and
"They said no one who has reasons to be concerned should feel
obliged to go,Ē Connell said. "If an athlete feels that way, of
course they may decide not to go."
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During the call, the USOC did not indicate they were concerned that
large numbers of athletes would avoid Rio or that Zika could derail
the Games, the two federation leaders said.
Instead, officials expressed optimism that risk would be minimized
by close cooperation among health agencies, mosquito control efforts
and the Gamesí timing during Brazilís winter when mosquito-borne
illnesses are less common.
The USOC officials on the call said the organization would adhere to
the recommendations of health agencies including the CDC, the sport
federation leaders said.
"As we get closer to the Olympics the guidance could get updated,"
In a Jan. 29 letter from the International Olympic Committee (IOC)
to national committees, the IOCís chief doctors said they were
monitoring the situation closely. They passed along mosquito
avoidance advice, but remained confident the games would go ahead as
The Australian and New Zealand Olympic Committees said they had
already warned their athletes of the potential dangers for pregnant
"If any athletes on the team felt they didn't want to go, we would
absolutely support them on that," an NZOC spokeswoman said on
An Australian Olympic Committee spokeswoman said they would "totally
understand" if an athlete chose not to go to Brazil.
"But at this point no athletes have indicated they intend to
withdraw from the team," she added.
Both Connell and U.S. Fencingís Anthony said the USOCís message was
focused primarily on the potential risks for women who are pregnant
or are thinking about trying to become pregnant.
Since the call, the CDC has issued more guidance in light of
increasing suspicion that Zika can be transmitted sexually. The CDC
said Friday that men who reside in or have traveled to Zika-affected
areas may want to abstain from sexual activity or use condoms.
The Olympics have long promised to be a triumphant showcase for
Latin America, which is playing host to the global sports spectacle
for the first time. Rio has also been expecting more than 380,000
tourists for the Games, which come as Brazilís economy is mired in
recession and its government reels from a corruption scandal at
state oil company Petrobras.
An ongoing Zika epidemic could prompt some athletes, staff, sponsors
and high-spending tourists to steer clear of the Games. Even if the
risk of infection to any given visitor is very low Ė as health
experts expect Ė uncertainties persist. There is no Zika vaccine,
and currently available blood tests cannot always detect the virus.
Olympics officials "are taking the right approach from a standpoint
of, let's be cautious, do not do anything that is going to put
anybody, our staff or our athletes in danger," Anthony said.
Anthony said no U.S. fencers had spoken to him about Zika.
"I think our athletes are aware," he said. "But it has not become a
mission critical issue yet. Not yet."
(Reporting By Daniel Bases and Joshua Schneyer; Additional reporting
by Ian Ransom in Melbourne; Editing by Michele Gershberg and Lisa
Girion and Martin Howell)
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