January Is Cervical
Health Awareness Month
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[January 18, 2016]
- This January, the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) is
observing Cervical Health Awareness Month to highlight issues related to
cervical cancer, HPV disease, and the importance of early detection.
Cervical cancer forms in the tissues of the cervix (the lower,
narrow end of the uterus or womb that connects the vagina or birth
canal to the upper part of the uterus). Cervical cancer is almost
always caused by infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). To
highlight this link, IDPH received a grant from the Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to conduct a media campaign
promoting the HPV vaccine across the state. This campaign will build
upon the successful 2014 Chicago Department of Public Health 2014
campaign that helped to increase the percentage of Chicago teens
(males and females) who received the HPV vaccine dramatically.
"We know that with routine screening, cervical cancer is highly
preventable, and yet more than 4000 women were estimated to have
lost their lives to cervical cancer in 2015," said IDPH Director
Nirav D. Shah, M.D., J.D. "In addition to routine screening, I
encourage women, along with adolescent girls, boys, and their
parents to ask their health care provider about HPV vaccines, which
are highly effective at preventing certain forms of HPV."
Each year approximately 12,000 women in the U.S. are diagnosed with
cervical cancer; of those, roughly 500 are Illinoisans. CDC reports
that half of the cervical cancers occurred among women who are
rarely or never screened for cervical cancer. There are often no
noticeable symptoms of cervical cancer in its early stage, which is
why it is important for women to be screened regularly. Symptoms
usually develop when the cancer has become invasive and attacks
nearby tissue. The most common symptom is abnormal vaginal bleeding.
Although cervical cancer usually grows slowly, it can be detected
with regular Pap tests (a procedure in which cells are scraped from
the cervix and looked at under a microscope).
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The Illinois Breast and Cervical Cancer Program (IBCCP) provides free cervical
cancer screenings, pelvic exams, diagnostic services, and referrals to uninsured
and under insured Illinois women 35 years and older, regardless of income. In
2015, IBCCP identified 290 cervical abnormalities with 16 cervical cancers, and,
over the past five years, identified 170 cases of cervical cancer. Call the
health line at 1-888-522-1282 for more information.
To learn more about cervical cancer, visit: National Cancer Institute, American
Cancer Society, Center for Diseases Control and Prevention and the Illinois
Department of Public Health.
[Melaney Arnold, Illinois Department
of Public Health]