opens radar station close to disputed isles, drawing angry China
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[March 28, 2016]
By Nobuhiro Kubo and Tim Kelly
YONAGUNI, Japan (Reuters) - Japan on
Monday switched on a radar station in the East China Sea, giving it a
permanent intelligence gathering post close to Taiwan and a group of
islands disputed by Japan and China, drawing an angry response from
The new Self Defence Force base on the island of Yonaguni is at
the western extreme of a string of Japanese islands in the East
China Sea, 150 km (90 miles) south of the disputed islands known as
the Senkaku islands in Japan and the Diaoyu in China.
China has raised concerns with its neighbors and in the West with
its assertive claim to most of the South China Sea where the
Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Taiwan and Brunei have overlapping
claims. Japan has long been mired in a territorial dispute with
China over the East China Sea islands.
"Until yesterday, there was no coastal observation unit west of the
main Okinawa island. It was a vacuum we needed to fill," said Daigo
Shiomitsu, a Ground Self Defence Force lieutenant colonel who
commands the new base on Yonaguni.
"It means we can keep watch on territory surrounding Japan and
respond to all situations."
Shiomitsu on Monday attended a ceremony at the base with 160
military personnel and around 50 dignitaries. Construction of some
buildings, which feature white walls and traditional Okinawan
red-tiled roofs, is still unfinished.
The 30-sq-km (11-sq-mile) island is home to 1,500 people, who mostly
raise cattle and grow sugar cane. The Self Defence Force contingent
and family members will increase the population by a fifth.
"This radar station is going to irritate China," said Nozomu
Yoshitomi, a professor at Nihon University and a retired major
general in the Self Defence Force.
In addition to being a listening post, the facility could be used a
base for military operations in the region, he added.
China's defense ministry, in a statement sent to Reuters about the
radar station, said the international community needed to be on high
alert to Japan's military expansion.
"The Diaoyu Islands are China's inherent territory. We are
resolutely opposed to any provocative behavior by Japan aimed at
Chinese territory," it said.
"The activities of Chinese ships and aircraft in the relevant waters
and airspace are completely appropriate and legal."
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The listening post fits into a wider military build-up along the
island chain, which stretches 1,400 km (870 miles) from the Japanese
Policy makers last year told Reuters it was part of a strategy to
keep China at bay in the Western Pacific as Beijing gains control of
the South China Sea.
Toshi Yoshihara, a U.S. Naval War College professor, said Yonaguni
sits next to two potential flashpoints in Asia - Taiwan and the
"A network of overlapping radar sites along the island chain would
boost Japan's ability to monitor the East China Sea," he added.
Yonaguni is only around 100 km (62 miles) east of Taiwan, near the
edge of a controversial air defense identification zone set up by
China in 2013.
Over the next five years, Japan will increase its Self Defence Force
in the East China Sea by about a fifth to almost 10,000 personnel,
including missile batteries that will help Japan draw a defensive
curtain along the island chain.
Chinese ships sailing from their eastern seaboard must pass through
this barrier to reach the Western Pacific, access to which Beijing
needs both as a supply line to the rest of the world's oceans and
for naval power projection.
(Additional reporting by Ben Blanchard in BEIJING; Editing by Nick
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