Obama administration arms sales offers to
Saudi top $115 billion: report
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[September 08, 2016]
By Yara Bayoumy
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - U.S. President
Barack Obama's administration has offered Saudi Arabia more than $115
billion in weapons, other military equipment and training, the most of
any U.S. administration in the 71-year U.S.-Saudi alliance, a report
seen by Reuters has found.
The report, authored by William Hartung of the U.S.-based Center for
International Policy, said the offers were made in 42 separate deals,
and the majority of the equipment has yet to be delivered. Hartung told
Reuters the report would be made available publicly on Sept. 8.
The report said U.S. arms offers to Saudi Arabia since Obama took office
in January 2009 have included everything from small arms and ammunition
to tanks, attack helicopters, air-to-ground missiles, missile defense
ships, and warships. Washington also provides maintenance and training
to Saudi security forces.
The Center's report is based on data from the Defense Security
Cooperation Agency, a Department of Defense body that provides figures
on arms sales offers and Foreign Military Sales agreements. Most of the
offers, which are reported to Congress, become formal agreements though
some are abandoned or amended. The report did not disclose how many of
the offers to Saudi Arabia were agreed.
Washington's arms sales to Riyadh recently have come under fire from
rights groups and some members of Congress are disturbed by the rising
number of civilian casualties in the war in Yemen, where a coalition led
by Saudi Arabia is fighting Iran-allied Houthi rebels.
The conflict has killed at least 10,000 people. Last month the United
Nations human rights office said that 3,799 civilians have died in the
conflict, with coalition air strikes responsible for an estimated 60
percent of the deaths.
The coalition says it does not target civilians and accuses the Houthis
of placing military targets in civilian areas. The coalition has created
a body to investigate civilian casualties.
The outcry over those casualties has led some members of Congress to
push for restrictions on arms transfers, and amid the growing outcry,
the Pentagon cautioned that its support for Saudi Arabia in its Yemen
campaign was not "a blank check".
The Control Arms coalition, a group that campaigns for stricter arms
sales controls, said last month that Britain, France and the United
States were flouting the 2014 Arms Trade treaty, which bans exports of
conventional weapons that fuel human rights violations or war crimes.
[to top of second column]
President Barack Obama
delivers an address at the Lao National Cultural Hall, on the
sidelines of the ASEAN Summit, in Vientiane, Laos September 6, 2016.
Nevertheless, the Obama administration last month approved a
potential $1.15 billion arms package for Saudi Arabia.
Hartung said the level of U.S. arms sales to Riyadh should give it
leverage to pressure Saudi Arabia.
"It's time for the Obama administration to use the best leverage it
has - Saudi Arabia's dependence on U.S. weapons and support - to
wage the war in Yemen in the first place," Hartung told Reuters.
"Pulling back the current offer of battle tanks or freezing some of
the tens of billions in weapons and services in the pipeline would
send a strong signal to the Saudi leadership that they need stop
their indiscriminate bombing campaign and take real steps to prevent
Washington has been at pains to prove to Saudi Arabia and other Gulf
allies that it remains committed to their defense against Iran in
the wake of a multinational deal last year to restrict the Iranian
nuclear program. Sunni Muslim Gulf states accuse Shi'ite Iran of
fomenting instability in the region, which the Islamic Republic
"The more recent deals that have involved resupplying Saudi Arabia
with ammunition, bombs, and tanks to replace weaponry used up or
damaged in the war in Yemen are no doubt driven in part by the
effort to 'reassure' the Saudis that the U.S. will not tilt towards
Iran in the wake of the nuclear deal," Hartung said.
(Writing by Yara Bayoumy; Editing by John Walcott and Diane Craft)
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