Fed's Kashkari sees cure
for slow growth in immigration, tax reform
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[September 12, 2016]
(Reuters) - With the Federal Reserve
powerless to do much more than it already is, the best route to faster
U.S. economic growth is through non-monetary policy approaches such as
immigration and tax reform, a top Fed official argued on Monday.
In a 5,100-word essay released just after midnight, Minneapolis
Federal Reserve Bank President Neel Kashkari noted that the U.S.
labor market is "closer to normal" but that inflation is still below
the Fed's 2-percent target and economic growth is well below
"Monetary policy is largely doing what it can to support a robust
recovery, and what remains are fiscal and regulatory policies,"
Kashkari wrote in the essay, published on the last day before Fed
officials enter a weeklong communications blackout prior to each
Fed policymakers next meet on Sept. 20-21.
Kashkari sketched out a wide range of possible reasons for slow U.S.
economic growth, concluding that the most likely causes are an aging
population, psychological scarring from the financial crisis that
makes households and businesses unwilling to take risks, and
"lackluster technological innovation."
To address those problems, he said, the government could boost
spending on basic research, rebuild worn-out infrastructure,
streamline regulations and the tax code, and otherwise take small
steps with little downside risk and plenty of potential.
"Another promising policy is immigration reform, especially for
high-skilled workers," Kashkari wrote.
But government, and the Fed, should be wary of policy change that
poses too much potential for harm, he argued. Raising the Fed's
inflation target is one such approach, he suggested; massive
government spending is another.
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Minneapolis Fed President Neel Kashkari speaks during an interview
at Reuters in New York February 17, 2016. REUTERS/Brendan McDermid
"I am skeptical that a large-scale expansion of government spending by itself is
the best way forward, since larger fiscal deficits will lead to higher expected
future taxes, which could further undermine private sector confidence," he
Fed officials in recent months have stepped up calls for structural fixes to the
economic doldrums, saying that monetary policy alone is not enough.
(Reporting by Ann Saphir; Editing by Chizu Nomiyama)
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