Trump's Pentagon choice says U.S. needs
to be ready to confront Russia
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[January 13, 2017]
By Phil Stewart and Patricia Zengerle
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Donald Trump's pick
to lead the Pentagon put Russia at the top of a list of threats to U.S.
interests on Thursday and told Congress that America must be ready to
confront Moscow where necessary, even as he backed Trump's bid for
The remarks by retired Marine General James Mattis were the latest by
one of Trump's Cabinet picks that veered away from the president-elect's
campaign rhetoric, which included praise for Russian President Vladimir
Putin and pledges to improve ties with him.
Secretary of State nominee Rex Tillerson on Wednesday also expressed
views at odds with Trump on key foreign policy issues like nuclear
proliferation, trade deals, climate change and relations with Mexico.
Mattis said Russia, China and Islamist militants were presenting the
biggest challenge to the U.S.-led world order since World War Two, and
called for Congress to lift spending caps undermining military
"I'm all for engagement but we also have to recognize reality in what
Russia is up to," Mattis said, adding there were a "decreasing number of
areas" where the United States might cooperate with Moscow.
Asked about the main threats to U.S. interests, Mattis said: "I would
consider the principle threats to start with Russia."
Mattis said he wanted to meet with the new Trump national security team
to "craft a strategy to confront Russia for what it's done," when
questioned about the possibility of new U.S. sanctions.
Due to enter the White House in eight days, Trump on Wednesday
acknowledged that Russia likely hacked the Democratic National Committee
and emails of top Democrats during the 2016 presidential election
campaign, a conclusion reached by U.S. spy agencies.
Mattis cited Russian involvement in hacking and information warfare
among the challenges posed by Moscow. Others include treaty violations,
destabilizing activities abroad and "alarming messages from Moscow
regarding the use of nuclear weapons."
STRONG BACKING FOR NATO
He also accused Russia of trying to undermine NATO. Unlike Trump, who
appeared to question the alliance during his campaign, Mattis strongly
embraced it -- calling NATO central to America's defense.
"We recognize that he (Putin) is trying to break the North Atlantic
alliance," Mattis said.
Senator John McCain, the Republican chairman of the committee, said he
"could not be happier" about Mattis' nomination. He warned sternly
against optimism about engaging with Putin.
"Putin wants to be our enemy. He needs us as his enemy. He will never be
our partner," McCain exclaimed.
Mattis also singled out China for its activities in the South China Sea,
where it has been building man-made islands with anti-aircraft and
Together with Russian activities and the threats of Islamist extremists,
Mattis said China was part of mounting assault on global stability, and
the relationship with Beijing needed to be carefully managed.
"I think it (the world order) is under the biggest attack since World
War Two, sir, and that is from Russia, from terrorist groups, and with
what China is doing in the South China Sea," he said.
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Retired U.S. Marine Corps General James Mattis testifies before a
Senate Armed Services Committee hearing on his nomination to serve
as defense secretary in Washington, U.S. January 12, 2017.
Mattis railed against defense spending caps imposed by Congress and,
when pressed, said he did not believe the U.S. military was strong
enough to properly deter potential adversaries.
Mattis, who retired from the military in 2013, is technically
ineligible for the job since he has not been a civilian for at least
seven years. That means Congress would need to grant him a waiver,
something it has not done since 1950, but appears inclined to do
After Mattis' testimony, the waiver cleared its first hurdle in
Congress when the Senate Armed Services Committee approved it. The
full Senate later backed the waiver by an overwhelming 81-17 vote,
reflecting the strong support Mattis enjoys in Congress.
Mark Cancian, a senior adviser at the Center for Strategic and
International Studies, said he expected bipartisan support for
Mattis would help him overcome limited opposition.
"The other thing he has going for him is that he may be a restraint
on some of Trump's more extreme impulses," Cancian said.
Mattis, 66, has tried to persuade Trump privately against the use of
waterboarding, which simulates drowning, as an interrogation tactic.
Top U.S. officials, many lawmakers and human rights groups have
denounced waterboarding as torture.
Trump's pick for CIA director took a similar line during his
confirmation hearing on Thursday, saying he would stand firm if
necessary against Trump on the issue of so-called enhanced
Mattis was fiercely critical of Iran, cautioning that Tehran's
"malign influence" in the region was growing.
"Iran is the biggest destabilizing force in the Middle East and its
policies are contrary to our interests," Mattis said in written
responses to the committee.
Still, Mattis did not echo Trump's campaign threat to rip up a
nuclear deal between Iran and world powers, under which Tehran
agreed to curb its nuclear program in return for relief from
economic sanctions. Mattis said the deal was imperfect but that the
United States should uphold it.
"When America gives our word, we have to live up to it," Mattis
(Reporting by Idrees Ali, Patricia Zengerle and Phil Stewart,
Writing by Phil Stewart; Additional reporting by Steve Holland,
Jonathan Landay and Patricia Zengerle; Editing by Howard Goller and
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