Its image at risk abroad, Qatar backs labor reforms at
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[November 02, 2017]
By Eric Knecht
DOHA (Reuters) - Qatar's decision to commit
to sweeping labor reforms may head off an international investigation
into its treatment of hundreds of thousands of foreign workers, but
rights groups wonder if the 2022 World Cup host will stick to its
Last week the International Labor Organization said Qatar had agreed to
cooperate on a range of reforms - from allowing workers freedom to leave
the country and change jobs without their employer's permission, to
establishing a minimum wage and a fund to guarantee late wages.
These are the most far-reaching labor reforms yet agreed to by Qatar,
which hopes to burnish its image abroad at a time when its Arab rivals
have been boycotting it as a global financier of militant groups, a
charge it denies.
The government has not responded to requests for detailed comment on the
reforms and how it planned to implement them.
On Twitter, the government communications office said Qatar "reaffirmed
its commitment in developing laws in line with international labor
standards and the guidance of ILO," and would ensure that "all workers
rights are secure".
Since winning its 2022 World Cup bid, partly on the basis it would
positively rebrand a region in turmoil, Qatar's tournament has faced
allegations of vote-buying - which it denies - concern over its hot
climate and, since June, its diplomatic dispute with Saudi Arabia and
three other Arab nations.
While Qatar has welcomed labor and rights groups into the country to
work with it on reform, criticism of its labor conditions has added to
its image problems.
Rights and labor groups have campaigned for years against the kafala
system, which forces Qatar's 1.6 million mainly Asian workers to seek
their employer's consent to change jobs or leave the country - measures
which the groups say leaves workers open to exploitation.
With just 300,000 citizens, the world's largest liquefied natural gas
exporter has imported workers from countries such as Nepal and
Bangladesh to build up its infrastructure in time for 2022.
Now the dispute with the other Arab states threatens to hurt Qatar's
economy and rights groups fear that workers with few protections will be
vulnerable to job cuts or reduced wages.
A Filipina housemaid, who asked to remain anonymous, said her wages had
increasingly been delayed in recent months, hurting her ability to send
remittances back home.
When the arrears hit two months, she considered leaving Qatar
altogether, but like other workers subject to travel restrictions, she
feared her employer would reject the request.
Qatar's ILO commitments come just before a Nov. 8 meeting at which the
agency will vote on whether to open a commission of inquiry, a rare
sanction reserved for countries which it considers the worst offenders.
A commission now looks unlikely after the ILO on Tuesday released a
draft resolution which it plans to present at the meeting. It calls for
working with Qatar on "technical cooperation" and dropping the
long-standing labor complaint - though this course of action would need
to be agreed by consensus or in a vote.
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Workers test soil as they grow grass for Qatar's 2022 World Cup, at
an experimental facility in Doha, Qatar November 29, 2016.
The International Trade Union Confederation, one of Qatar's sharpest critics,
said it now supports dropping the ILO complaint, describing the new commitments
"It's a breakthrough and it will end kafala. It makes Qatar the lead state in
the Gulf," Secretary General Sharan Burrow told Reuters. "It will make the 2022
World Cup a cup we can support, because with workers' rights it will have the
support of all the workers and unions."
Rights groups like Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, however, point
out that the government has said little about how and when it will implement the
In one of the few official communications on the reforms, Qatar's state news
agency reported last week that the cabinet had agreed to amend a law on the
"entry and departure of expats", though it did not specify if travel
restrictions would be completely ended, a key demand for labor and rights
Workers recall how a similar pledge to abolish exit visas, announced in 2015,
ultimately had little impact on the system.
"They made this big announcement that there isn't going to be an exit permit ...
and eventually nothing happened, and all they did is change the name from exit
permit to notification," said one resident who frequently applies for travel.
Qatar last year amended its sponsorship system to allow workers who have
completed contracts to change jobs freely, and to impose fines on businesses
that confiscate employees' passports. Rights groups however say workers still
suffer from many of the same abuses, with contracts changed upon arrival and
freedom of movement limited.
"The fear is that they won't follow up on the pledges and they will stall. That
they are looking to buy time, and until we actually see one concrete step as
evidence of their good faith, I think those fears are likely to remain," said
Nicholas McGeehan, a human rights researcher who focuses on Gulf labor.
Still, some analysts say the World Cup and Gulf crisis have together provided
greater leverage than ever before for groups pushing for reforms.
"With the Gulf crisis, the gulf states are under the spotlight ... and that has
benefited trade unions and human rights groups," said James Dorsey, a senior
fellow at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies in Singapore.
"Very few mega sporting events leave a legacy of any kind, and you could argue
that this one already has."
(Reporting by Eric Knecht; Additional reporting by Stephanie Ulmer-Nebehay in
Geneva; Editing by Giles Elgood)
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