As Sweden swings right, Bannon's anti-EU
crusade looks north
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[September 11, 2018]
By Mark Bendeich and Crispian Balmer
CERNOBBIO, Italy/ROME (Reuters) - Having
found an ally in the south and an admirer in the east, Donald Trump's
former political strategist Steve Bannon is now looking north for
recruits in his crusade to undermine the European Union.
And he believes the timing is perfect after famously liberal Sweden
voted in record numbers on Sunday for a far-right party that wants a
referendum on leaving the 28-nation bloc.
Bannon, who helped put U.S. President Trump in the White House, wants to
pull off a similar anti-establishment revolution in the EU and get
eurosceptics from all corners of the union voted into the European
Parliament at elections next year.
He has already signed up Italy's most prominent eurosceptic leader,
Interior Minister Matteo Salvini, to the cause and his project has been
praised by another fierce EU critic, Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor
Bannon is now turning to the EU's northern member states, where his
latest admirer is Dutch nationalist Geert Wilders.
"Sometimes you need a catalyst," Wilders told Reuters at the annual
Ambrosetti Forum conference on the shores of Italy's Lake Como, where he
called for the abolition of EU.
"Any initiative from that comes from (Bannon) is of course to be
applauded," he said on Saturday.
Wilders, who leads his country's second-largest party, said he planned
to meet Bannon for dinner in the Netherlands soon to discuss the idea of
a united eurosceptic front.
Bannon calls his project The Movement, a political startup with 15 staff
and an enormous ambition: to persuade the continent's eurosceptic
leaders to mount a coordinated campaign in elections for the European
Parliament in May.
He wants the populists to topple what he sees as the EU's liberal
establishment and force Brussels to hand back powers to nation states -
an outcome EU supporters say would sound the death knell for Europe's
political and monetary unions.
But Bannon says this is not the ultimate aim.
"I don't think this drive is for the destruction of the European Union,"
he told Reuters in Rome on Saturday.
Instead, Bannon's Movement aims to stack the EU parliament in Strasbourg
with parties that can agree on four things: more sovereign rights for EU
states, stronger borders, less migration and the eradication from Europe
of what it calls radical Islam.
"It is a club, a loose affiliation," Bannon said, stressing that racist
and anti-Semitic parties were not welcome.
"We have spoken to these populist nationalist parties around Europe and
one of the things they say to us is that they never get the chance to
talk together. They feel alone."
The Movement aims to serve as a campaign center, conducting polling and
data analysis, offering strategic advice and deploying social media
campaigns to mobilize the anti-EU vote for European elections with
historically low turnouts.
Bannon said he would invest a "couple of million dollars" in the project
and planned to relocate to Europe soon.
However, uniting eurosceptic parties in a U.S.-style campaign could be
mission impossible: Salvini and Orban want to weaken the EU but not
leave it, Wilders wants to destroy it and France's far-right leader
Marine Le Pen wants to reform the EU before putting French membership to
Previous attempts to unite the far-right have produced little. After
elections in 2014, Le Pen and Wilders forged a far-right parliamentary
group, but it's the smallest with just 35 out of 751 seats. Salvini
belongs to it but Orban doesn't.
Bannon may get a warm welcome from Wilders in Amsterdam but faces a
cooler reception in Sweden, despite a big swing toward the far-right
Sweden Democrats in Sunday's election.
[to top of second column]
President Donald Trump's former chief strategist Steve Bannon walks
in Piazza Navona in Rome, Italy March 2, 2018. REUTERS/Tony
"We aren't following Steve Bannon's political work. He as a person
he is of no interest to us," a party representative told Dagens
Nyheter newspaper in July. Sweden Democrats did not respond on
Monday to emailed questions about Bannon's project.
Bannon, though, is undeterred, saying in an email to Reuters on
Monday that the Swedish party's feat of winning 17.6 percent of the
vote had set "an example for populists everywhere".
'THE END OF EUROPE'
Pro-EU forces see populist eurosceptics as an existential threat
that could lead to the EU's disintegration and a resurgence of the
nationalism that led to two world wars.
Even conservative allies of the eurosceptics are worried.
"They are all extremely different, however they are united by
anti-establishment, nationalism and opposition to European
bureaucracy," said Renato Brunetta, a prominent figure in the
conservative Forza Italia party which forged an electoral pact with
Salvini's League party at home and is allied with Orban's group in
the EU parliament.
"The result is that these ties risk being sufficient to result in
victory for this political atmosphere ... If this were the case, it
risks being the end of Europe," Brunetta said.
The EU parliament cannot propose legislation and needs a majority to
block laws and budgets, but it can move amendments. With a third of
the seats, Bannon says, anti-EU lawmakers would represent a serious
minority to be reckoned with.
He cautions that Europe's eurosceptics and populists should not get
ahead of themselves. The Movement's goal is not to win a majority in
May. That would be unrealistic, he said, appearing to backtrack from
some previous statements.
"I am not sure these entities can go from the number of seats they
have (now) to absolute control in one fell swoop. I think it might
take a couple of iterations."
Salvini says the elections are "the last chance for Europe" and
Italian Foreign Minister Enzo Moavero Milanesi describes them as the
first "real election for the future of Europe".
Pro-EU parties on the left of European politics are girding for
battle as well, although they too are struggling to present a new EU
vision that can accommodate calls for more flexible fiscal policy
and more controls on migration from Africa.
French President Emmanuel Macron has vowed to fight for the pro-EU
camp. However, a senior official in Macron's government said he was
worried Salvini's candidates, in particular, would do very well and
that the Italian minister could emerge as the leading light of
Europe's nationalist forces.
Frans Timmermans, first vice-president of the European Commission,
said pro-EU parties needed to make a strong case for change next May
as the future of the EU was "up for grabs".
"I think the electorate in all of Europe is still on the fence," he
told Reuters at the Ambrosetti conference.
(Additional reporting by Mark Hosenball in London, Johan Ahlander in
Stockholm and Leigh Thomas in Paris; writing by Mark Bendeich;
editing by David Clarke)
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