This marks the most prevented plant acres reported since USDA’s
Farm Service Agency (FSA) began releasing the report in 2007 and
17.49 million acres more than reported at this time last year.
Of those prevented plant acres, more than 73 percent were in 12
Midwestern states, where heavy rainfall and flooding this year
has prevented many producers from planting mostly corn, soybeans
USDA supported planting of cover crops on fields where farmers
were not able to plant because of their benefits in preventing
soil erosion, protecting water quality and boosting soil health.
The report showed where producers planted 2.71 million acres of
cover crops so far in 2019, compared with 2.14 million acres at
this time in 2018 and 1.88 million at this time in 2017.
To help make cover crops a more viable option, USDA’s Risk
Management Agency (RMA) adjusted the haying and grazing date of
cover crops, and USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service
held signups in select states that offered producers assistance
in planting cover crops. Meanwhile, USDA added other
flexibilities to help impacted producers, including adjusting
the deadline to file acreage reports in select states.
About the Report
This data report aggregates information from crop acreage
reports as of August 1, 2019, which producers file with FSA to
maintain program eligibility and to calculate losses for various
disaster assistance programs. The crop acreage data report
outlines the number of acres planted, prevented from planting,
and failed by crop, county and state. To find more information,
view the Aug. 12 report.
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Because some producers have not completed their
filing and data are still being processed, FSA will make available
subsequent data reports in September, October, November, December
and January. You can find reports from 2007 to the present on FSA’s
Crop Acreage Data webpage.
To receive FSA program benefits, producers are required to submit
crop acreage reports annually regarding all cropland uses on their
farm. This report includes data for producers who had already filed
for all deadlines in 2019, including the mid-July deadlines, which
are for spring-seeded crops in many locations.
Other Prevented Planting Indicators
In addition to acreage reports filed with FSA, producers with crop
insurance coverage for prevented planting file claims with their
insurance providers. These claims are provided to RMA and may differ
from the prevented planted acres reported to FSA. More information
on prevented plant coverage is available on the RMA website.
Official USDA estimates of total acres planted, harvested and to be
harvested, yield, and production are available from USDA’s National
Agricultural Statistics Service at nass.usda.gov.
[USDA Farm Service Agency]