Farmers and ranchers who enroll in CRP receive a yearly rental
payment for voluntarily establishing long-term,
resource-conserving plant species, such as approved grasses or
trees (known as “covers”) to control soil erosion, improve water
quality and develop wildlife habitat on marginally productive
CRP has 22 million acres enrolled, but the 2018 Farm Bill lifted
the cap to 27 million acres. This means farmers and ranchers
have a chance to enroll in CRP for the first time or continue
their participation for another term.
By enrolling in CRP, producers are improving water quality,
reducing soil erosion, and restoring habitat for wildlife. This
in turn spurs hunting, fishing, recreation, tourism, and other
economic development across rural America.
CRP Enrollment Options
CRP general signup will be held annually. The competitive
general signup will now include increased opportunities for
enrollment of wildlife habitat through the State Acres For
Wildlife Enhancement (SAFE) initiative.
While some practices under SAFE will remain available through
continuous signup, CRP continuous signup will focus primarily on
water quality with the Clean Lakes, Estuaries, and Rivers
(CLEAR) Initiative. The 2018 Farm Bill prioritizes water quality
practices such as contour grass strips, filter strips, riparian
buffers, wetlands and a new prairie strip.
CRP Grasslands signup helps landowners and operators protect
grassland, including rangeland, and pastureland and certain
other lands while maintaining the areas as grazing lands. A
separate CRP Grasslands signup will be offered each year
following general signup.
Later in 2020, (FSA will roll out pilot programs within CRP:
CLEAR 30, which allows contracts expiring with CLEAR practices
to be reenrolled in 30-year contracts and in the Soil Health and
Income Protection Program (SHIPP) in the prairie pothole region.
More information on these programs will be announced in the new
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The CRP Transition Incentives Program (TIP) is an option for
producers interested in transitioning land to a beginning farmer or
rancher or a member of a socially disadvantaged group to return land
to production for sustainable grazing or crop production. CRP
contract holders no longer need to be a retired or retiring owner or
operator to transition their land. TIP participants may have a lease
less than five years with an option to purchase, and they have two
years before the end of the CRP contract to make conservation and
Previously Expired Land
Land enrolled in CRP under a 15-year contract that expired in
September 2017, 2018 or 2019, may be eligible for enrollment if
there was no opportunity for re-enrollment and the practice under
the expired contract has been maintained.
CRP Rates and Payments
FSA recently posted updated soil rental rates for CRP. County
average rates are posted on the CRP Statistics webpage. Soil rental
rates are statutorily prorated at 90 percent for continuous signup
and 85 percent for general signup. The rental rates will be assessed
annually. Under continuous signup, producers also receive
incentives, including a signup incentive payment and a practice
To enroll in CRP, contact your local FSA county office or visit
fsa.usda.gov/crp. To locate your local FSA office, visit farmers.gov/service-locator.
[USDA Farm Service Agency]