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Fed's No. 2 Kohn sees gradual recovery in 2009

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[April 21, 2009]  LOS ANGELES (AP) -- Federal Reserve Vice Chairman Donald L. Kohn said steadier consumer spending and home sales, together with favorable earnings results from some banks, may indicate that the U.S. economy is poised to stage a gradual recovery later this year.

InsuranceThe Fed's No. 2 official, delivering the annual Hutchinson lecture at the University of Delaware Monday evening, noted that consumer spending continues to suffer the effects of the poor job market and the sizable losses of equity and housing wealth over the past two years.

But he said consumption appears to have steadied in comparison to the sharp drops seen in the second half of 2008, and declines in sales and construction of single-family homes have abated -- possibly because of low mortgage interest rates.

Kohn also noted that the plunge in energy prices has helped bolster real incomes and gives consumers much-needed cash to spend elsewhere.

"These developments may be an early indication that conditions are falling into place for real GDP to decline at a slower rate in the second quarter and to stabilize later this year," Kohn said.

Kohn noted that low confidence about future economic and job prospects is still crimping people's willingness to spend. Tight credit conditions -- especially for commercial construction -- also could hinder a recovery, as could weak exports in the face of global economic issues.

"My best guess is that we are in for a relatively gradual recovery," he added.

Kohn pointed to the Federal Reserve's role in helping to counter the financial crisis and its economic fallout. The central bank has slashed a key interest rate essentially to zero and launched a series of programs designed to get credit to flow more freely again to American consumers and businesses and thus help revive the U.S. economy.

With all of the Fed's programs to provide loans or buy debt, its balance sheet has ballooned. The Fed recently injected $1.2 trillion into the economy in an attempt to lower interest rates for mortgages and other loans, and may expand a program to spur consumer lending.

Some critics are concerned that the Fed's policies could spur inflation if key interest rates aren't quickly increased and special lending programs aren't dismantled once the economy shows strong signs of turning around.

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Kohn said near-term prospects appear to be for a decline in inflation rather than an increase, but he said the Fed is "acutely aware" of the risk of higher inflation as the economic recovery gains speed.

"We are firmly committed to acting in a way that preserves price stability, and we believe we have the tools to absorb reserves and raise interest rates when needed," he said.

Kohn's comments come ahead of next week's meeting of the Federal Open Market Committee, the Fed's policymaking body, at which Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke and his colleagues will assess economic and financial conditions. U.S. companies are turning in surprisingly good quarterly earnings but economists say a recovery is probably still months away.

Bernanke said recently that he has seen "tentative signs" the recession may be easing, including improvements in recent data on home and auto sales, home building and consumer spending. But he also warned that any lasting recovery is linked to the government's success in stabilizing shaky financial markets and getting credit to flow again.


Copyright 2009 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.


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