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Ex-Societe Generale trader must pay $6.7 billion

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[October 05, 2010]  PARIS (AP) -- A Paris court ordered former Societe Generale SA trader Jerome Kerviel on Tuesday to pay the bank a mind-numbing euro4.9 billion ($6.7 billion) for his role in one of history's biggest trading frauds and sentenced him to three years in prison.

The ruling marked a huge victory for Societe Generale, one of France's most blue-blooded banks, which has worked to clean up its image and put in place tougher risk controls since the scandal broke in 2008.

The 33-year-old former futures index trader stood expressionless as the court convicted him of all charges and pronounced a five-year sentence with two years suspended.

Kerviel was found guilty on charges of forgery, breach of trust and unauthorized computer use for covering up bets worth nearly euro50 billion between late 2007 and early 2008.

In a stunning blow, the court also ordered Kerviel to pay the bank back the euro4.9 billion that it lost unwinding his complex positions in January 2008 -- a punishment he would almost certainly be unable to pay. While trading for the bank, he took home a salary and bonus of less than euro100,000, or about $155,700 -- a relatively modest sum in the financial world.

Outside the courtroom, defense lawyer Olivier Metzner said Kerviel would appeal. Kerviel will remain free pending the appeal.

"He is disgusted," Metzner said of Kerviel's feeling about the ruling, adding that the court had judged that the bank "was responsible for nothing, not responsible for the creature that it had created."

Kerviel, a soft-spoken and debonair man from western Brittany, has garnered considerable public appeal in France for his image of being a scapegoat for powerful corporate interests. Kerviel maintained that the bank and his bosses tolerated his massive risk-taking as long as it made money, which he did at first.

"I have the feeling Jerome Kerviel is paying for an entire system," said Metzner, saying his client hadn't benefited financially from the fraud.

"I hope you all will donate a euro to Jerome Kerviel," the lawyer told TV cameras and reporters.

During the proceedings, both sides admitted to mistakes but Kerviel insisted his bank superiors knew what he was doing. Societe Generale's former chairman acknowledged there were problems in monitoring the trader's work.

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The bank says Kerviel made bets of up to euro50 billion -- more than the bank's total market value -- on futures contracts on three European equity indices, though his net position appeared unremarkable because he balanced his real trades with fictitious transactions. The bank says his actions cost it euro4.9 billion.

Still, an internal report by the bank found managers failed to follow up on 74 different alarms about Kerviel's activities.

Employed by Societe Generale since 2000, Kerviel worked his way up from a supporting role in an office that monitors trades to a job on the futures desk where he invested the bank's money by hedging on European equity market indices.

He was arrested in January 2008 and held for six weeks in Paris' notorious La Sante prison. Since being fired from Societe Generale, Kerviel has worked as a computer consultant.

Societe Generale's shares rose slightly after the announce of the verdict, trading up 1 percent at euro41.20 ($56.46)

[Associated Press; By GREG KELLER]

Associated Press writers Pierre-Antoine Souchard and Cecile Brisson in Paris contributed to this report.

Copyright 2010 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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