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[APRIL 11, 2001] “Pumped:
Straight Facts For Athletes About Drugs, Supplements, And
Training." Cynthia Kuhn, Ph.D., Scott Swartzwelder, Ph.D., and
Wilkie Wilson, Ph.D., W.W. Norton & Co., 2000, 190 pages.
"Our culture is
increasingly obsessed with physical appearance and performance…no
wonder people would do anything, including risking their lives, to
be among the strong and the beautiful…the combination of money in
athletics and the desire of everyone to be beautiful has led to a
huge market in drugs in supplements." In their book
"Pumped," authors Cynthia Kuhn, Scott Swartzwelder and
Wilkie Wilson examine the rise of performance-enhancing drugs, their
benefits and the dangers associated with their use.
Thanks to the
popularity of sports in America athletes are turning to more
advanced and sometimes questionable methods of competing. The
increased use of drugs, steroids and supplements is one example of
this trend. In recognizing this the authors wrote this book partly
because, "information is power. Anyone involved in sports
should understand what the body needs to perform at its best and how
the available performance enhancing drugs and supplements really
affect health and physical accomplishment."
"Optimizing Performance" describes the needs of the human
body during training and performance. The critical functions of the
brain, heart and muscles and their energy sources are also examined.
These sources can include sugars, fat and proteins. Interestingly
enough, the authors state that the brain is the most important organ
in the body for physical activity and exercise — it is responsible
for directing movement, sending blood to the muscles and controlling
"How To Read The
Ads" is a common sense primer for understanding the
merchandising and marketing of these drugs. There are numerous drugs
and supplements available that affect strength, body mass or
endurance. In evaluating these promotions the authors caution
against relying solely on information such as consumer testimonials
or the manufacturer’s claim. More reliable information is usually
contained in credible studies of the product and its performance
value (such as statistical data on a suitable target population).
Up" is a brief primer on what constitutes a drug and how drugs
work. The effects of drugs on the human body, particularly the
brain, are also discussed. One troubling aspect found in some of
these drugs and supplements is their effect on the brain; they can
adversely affect the receptors (brain cells) that control the
functions of the brain.
[to top of second column in
The next two chapters,
"Bulking Up/Slimming Down" and "Building Muscle Mass and
Strength" shift the attention to the different substances that are
available to athletes. Some of these substances act to influence weight
loss and fat burning and blocking; others such as steroids, growth
hormones and amino acid supplements can have greater impact on the human
body. In using these substances the authors urge caution and common sense:
"You can lose weight by eating less, by exercising more, or by doing
both — which works best…long term or repeated dieting slows
metabolism, making it harder to decrease weight just by restricting
Some of the authors’ most
important advice comes at the end of the chapter pertaining to muscle
mass: "Steroids can increase muscle mass but only at doses that have
potentially dangerous effects on the brain, heart and reproductive
is an eye-opening account of the most widely used stimulants, their
benefits, side effects and potential dangers. The list is a virtual who’s
who of some of the most popular drugs and includes cocaine, amphetamines,
decongestants and caffeine. The bottom line, according to the authors:
"All the stimulants have cardiovascular side effects that can be
dangerous to athletes using these drugs during training or
The remaining chapters
discuss the effects of substances such as marijuana, alcohol, tobacco,
sedatives, and depressants and antidepressants. Not only can these be used
for performance enhancement, they can also be used as a
"calming" drug that is "designed to gradually slow the
activity of all the neural centers in the brain." These drugs can
impair performance by affecting coordination, disrupting sleep patterns
and impacting existing mood disorders.
essential reading for any athlete, coach or parent who is considering the
use of performance-enhancing drugs. The book is easy to use; each chapter
opens with the list of topics discussed in that particular chapter. The
bibliography contains additional references and source materials on the
subject matter. At the center is a useful tool — a color photographic
guide illustrating the different substances that athletes can use (or
abuse). Containing a mixture of the latest scientific information with
good common sense, "Pumped" is recommended for anyone associated
with sports, fitness, exercise or athletic competition.
For more information, visit
the library at 725 Pekin St. or call (217) 732-8878.
[Richard Sumrall, Lincoln Public Library
Released on video Tuesday,
March 6, 2001
127 Minutes DreamWorks
Home Entertainment -2000
and directed by Rod Lurie
Oldman (also the executive producer)
movie uses graphic language to describe sexual scenes and presents
The box said “two thumbs up” and
recent years, the "two thumbs up" endorsement has meant
that I probably was going to find the movie to be a loser.
"Thriller" usually means I may endure it but I’m
probably not going to be thrilled with it.
in the case of "The Contender," both my thumbs are up
too, and I am indeed thrilled.
Contender" is a gritty movie, a political "action"
film of sorts. It is a thriller because you don’t have a clear
shot at the plot until it is finally revealed for you. At the end,
you look back on the film and say, "Yeah, I should’ve seen
Contender" is gritty because it focuses on a dirty fight
between political rivals to appoint a new vice president of the
United States. The president (played very aptly by Jeff Bridges)
selects a woman, Sen. Lane Hanson of Ohio (Joan Allen), for the
job, against the advice of party officials and his own advisers.
The previous vice president died somehow in office — but
"The Contender" never tries to explain his passing.
whole plot is wrapped up in the confirmation hearings and the
process of bringing an appointee to office or sending ’em off
Oldman plays Sheldon Runyon, the Republican chairman of the
selection committee. The highly respected, powerful senator seems
bent on not only denying the president his day in the sun but also
destroying the very career of Sen. Hanson.
top of second column in this review]
things about this movie made a good impression on me.
the acting was excellent. Oldman plays a perfect bad guy in this film
(he seems to have the bad-guy act down pat). Jeff Bridges, who I
thought incapable of playing a convincing president, stepped up to the
plate and delivered. Christian Slater played the part of a freshman
congressman who was seeking to do the right thing on principle, and
was perfectly cast for the part. Finally, Joan Allen was wonderful in
her portrayal of the contender under siege.
the plot was dynamite. This movie seems to make you move away from
certain characters and make certain assumptions, but you find yourself
making a couple of 90 degree turns before it’s done. In the spirit
of "The West Wing," it is full of political intrigue and the
power of the Washington scene. "The Contender" is a film
about respect and dignity and the rocky road to realizing those two
first hour of the movie has a single weakness: The lack of actors on
the set portraying political operatives, appointees, devotees and
those holding office makes you believe the story less. They needed a
fuller cast to make it seem like Washington and government.
is not a partisan film about the usual struggle between Republicans
and Democrats. Instead it is a story about the dynamics of power,
accusation and truth.
I recommend this film to you if you enjoy a good thriller, if you
enjoy stories about the political struggles of this nation and if you
like a good fiction about how truth prevails.
give it 3˝ stars (out of five).
scholarship applications available
23, 2001] To
foster local talent, Lincoln Community Theatre will award a $500
theater arts scholarship to a Logan County graduating high school
senior who plans to attend Lincoln College.
applications are available from area high school guidance counselors
or by contacting Connie DiLillo, LCT scholarship chairman at
732-7859. Completed applications must be postmarked no later than
Woodlawn Rd. in Lincoln
1-888-455-4641 or 735-5400
Ask for Terry Lock or Sharon Awe
Ag Lines of Credit
Low Auto Rates
Free Checking - Debit Card
Money Market Index Account
and Frame Shop
Frame It All"
On the square
M-F 10-5 Sat 10-4
a friend about
chooses summer production staff
12, 2001] Lincoln
Community Theatre has announced the 2001 summer production staff.
first production, "You’re a Good Man, Charlie Brown,"
which runs from June 8 through 16, was selected in celebration of
LCT’s 30th anniversary season. This musical was the first
performance offered by Lincoln Community Theatre during the
organization’s first season in 1971.
2001 production will be directed by Sean-Edward Hall of Springfield.
Wayne Mara of Lincoln has been hired as technical director, with
Jason Yarcho, also of Lincoln, as accompanist and orchestra
director. Lights and sound will be managed by Stuart Wyneken of
July 13 through 21 comedy, "Moon Over Buffalo," will be
directed by Jerry Dellinger of Lincoln. He will also serve as
lighting director. Technical director will be Max Levendel of
of second column in this article]
final production, "The Wiz," will be directed by Tracy
Tiritilli of Bloomington, with husband Mark Tiritilli serving as
technical director. The show will run Aug. 3 through 11. Yarcho will
again serve as musical accompanist, and Wyneken will handle lighting
also plans a children’s play this summer. Performances will be
June 28 through July 1.
more information see the LCT website, www.geocities.com/lincolncommunitytheatre.
7 chooses cast members
3, 2001] Theatre
7 – Decatur’s Community Theatre has selected cast members for
its production of the comedy "Dearly Departed." The show
is about a colorful but dysfunctional Southern family coming
together to hilarious results when its patriarch, "Bud,"
Departed" is being directed by Joe Straka, with Penny Williams
as assistant director
members and the characters they play are as follows: Nancy Jo
Batman, Raynelle; Shawn Becker, RayBud; Lesa Andrick, Lucille; James
Graham, Junior; Tish Duis, Suzanne; Pam Stinson, Marguerite; Tom
Morrow, Royce; Carl Sebens, Reverend Hooker; Karen Becker, Veda;
John Dunn, Norval/Clyde; Julie Lycan, Nadine; Heather Jewell,
Juanita; and Penny Williams, Delightful.
go on sale to the general public starting Monday, March 5, at the
Decatur Civic Center Box Office, 422-6161.
dates for "Dearly Departed" at the Decatur Civic Center
Theater will be March 30-31 and April 6-7 at 7:30 p.m. and April 1
and 8 at 2 p.m.
7 news release]
Lincoln Community Theatre website
Community Theatre’s (LCT) website is up and available. The
site serves a number of functions, from providing information on
becoming a season ticket holder to showing what new productions are
being planned for next season. It lists everything one wants to know
about LCT — except the scripts. The top of the page lists those
already involved in the theatre and announces any paid or unpaid
positions, which are still available. Audition dates are also listed
for prospective actors.
site also links to Gus Gordon Productions and Grand Ball Costumes.
Gus Gordon produces plays all over central Illinois, and the site
lists the upcoming plays. Grand Ball Costumes rents costumes here in
central Illinois for plays, Halloween, weddings, birthdays or any
little farther down, the site offers information on upcoming plays,
admission prices and season ticket prices. Presently, LCT’s
website is displaying pictures of recent performances:
"Annie" and "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the
you are interested in joining a performance or just going to see
one, visit LCT’s website at www.geocities.com/lincolncommunitytheatre/index.html,
e-mail LCT at firstname.lastname@example.org,
or write to Lincoln Community Theatre, P.O. Box 374, Lincoln,
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