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4-H’er ‘cover girl’ for Illinois Clover
8, 2001] Rachael
Jones, daughter of Casey and Sharon Jones of rural Lincoln, is now a
"cover girl." She is pictured in the center photo on the
cover of the 2001-2002 Illinois Clover, which is the 4-H project
selection guide used statewide for the Illinois 4-H program. Rachael
is a member of the Chester 4-H Club in Logan County. Thousands of
copies of the Illinois Clover are distributed yearly to counties
throughout Illinois for use in the Illinois 4-H program.
Logan County 4-H’ers also identified within the 2001-2002 Illinois
Clover include Emily Bakken, Jackie Bakken, Ben Beavers, Nichole
Benz, Kelli Brooks, Ben Buse, Tim Carter, Jonathon Davis, Amanda
Davison, John Davison, Emily Hauter, Zack Huffer, Daniel Parson,
Mathew Runyon, Abby Sasse, Michael Schneider, Sarah Schneider,
Hannah Sheley, Monica Short and Kate Wrage.
in a hailstorm?
27, 2001] What’s
in a hailstorm? Plenty if it hits your growing plants, ruins your
roof or devastates your crop fields. A large storm dropped hail in
the northern portion of the county about a week ago. As for the farm
side of things, here is some description of the kind of yield
reduction that could be experienced.
corn, there is of course the visible leaf loss. Leaf loss prevents
the corn kernels from filling out completely. Fewer leaves make less
food for the plant. Leaf loss estimates range from virtually nothing
up to about 80 percent. The maturity of the corn grain also affects
the potential loss. Corn that is closer to maturity will not lose as
much yield as corn that is less mature. To give some rough
estimates, corn that was in the late milk stage at the time of the
storm and losing 80 percent of its leaf area will have yields
reduced about 35 percent. Corn in the full dent stage and having the
same leaf loss will lose about 17 percent of its yield.
is also other corn damage from a hailstorm. Kernels can be knocked
off ears, immature kernels can be damaged by a hailstone, and stalks
can become bruised by hail and fall over in a windstorm.
the case of soybeans, most plants were in the R5 stage of growth
(meaning there were small seeds in the upper pods). Once again
assuming the 80 percent defoliation, this would translate to a 43
percent yield loss. Other damage to soybean plants resulted from
directly losing beans from the stems or pods being cut off, bruising
to the stems of the plant, and in some cases having the entire
plants cut off.
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and insurance adjusters now have the unenviable task of trying to
reach an agreement on the amount of loss that has occurred.
Adjusters come armed with charts and calculators to determine yield
loss. Most of the information used to make calculations comes from
university research, so it is accurate. Probably more of a guess is
how much leaf loss occurred, how many beans or kernels were lost,
and what portions of fields were affected at different levels.
should do their homework before adjusters arrive so they can show
adjusters where they feel damage is the worst and the kind of damage
that they are seeing. In the end, hopefully everyone can feel like
they were treated fairly in the adjustment of losses.
making those holes?
13, 2001] The
past two weeks have created holes everywhere. They exist in yards
and tree leaves. Of course we have been "run over" by
anthracnose creating holes in tree leaves for a few months, but
these holes are caused by insects.
are huge numbers of defoliators (things that eat leaves) working on
just about every kind of tree leaf that is left on the tree at this
time. Telltale signs that you might have this occurring would
include tree nests, stripped leaves (often leaving the vein of the
leaf) and the many droppings from what were once your leaves.
have had large numbers of caterpillars throughout the spring and
summer. Conditions must have been right. The ones eating tree leaves
include walnut caterpillars, eastern tent caterpillars, tussock moth
larvae and fall webworms. This is just to name the more prominent
ones. In this grouping, the ones that are easy to single out are the
fall webworms. They expand their nest and continue to feed inside
the webbing. The others leave a nest or cocoon and feed on leaves
individually or in groups. Most noticeable are the eastern tent
caterpillars that tend to work on a branch at a time and do it as a
question most often asked is, "Will they kill my trees?"
and the answer is, "Probably not." If we think about it, these
insects exist every year in wooded areas, and very few of the trees
die. If you’ve ever been to Wildlife Prairie Park during a bad
year, you can really appreciate the numbers of the eastern tent
caterpillars you can come in contact with in a short period of time.
Yet, those trees do come back year after year.
you can’t stand the sight of the caterpillars, don’t want to
look at naked trees any earlier than you have to, or want to get
even with the larvae of the Lepidoptera order, you can control them
to a certain extent. Most insecticides will provide control of the
larvae. Insecticides included would be Sevin, diazinon, Orthene,
Dursban, and B.t. as an organic control. For fall webworm, you can
also clip off the nest area and burn it.
[to top of second column in
other types of holes that I referred to are in the ground. Some are
exit holes (such as for cicadas) while others are entrance holes (as
in June bugs and cicada killer wasps). Recently, both groups have
been active. The cicadas can be heard regularly now. The wasp is a
very formidable-looking insect approaching two inches long, but it
is a relatively timid wasp that is not easily provoked. You will
have to weigh the benefits of the wasp against the risk of getting
stung. The wasp is actually killing the cicada, burying it and then
laying eggs in it. A drench of liquid diazinon in the hole area or a
general grub treatment would control the wasp.
brings me to grubs. June bug, Japanese beetle and green June bug
numbers have been very high in some areas. First places to check for
grubs would be along walks, driveways and patios, as well as under
security lights. If you’ve kept your yard lush with water, you’ll
probably get more than your share of grubs. The beetles lay their
eggs in the best-looking grass. Green June bugs are a little
different. They tend to lay their eggs in organic matter such as
gardens and flower beds. The treatment is best done with granular
products of diazinon or Grubex.