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Logan County agriculture?
The face of agriculture has changed greatly in the
last 10 years, and the rate of change is accelerating greatly. Now
the Lincoln/Logan Chamber of Commerce is having a mapping exercise
to plan for agricultural development in the area, and looking at the
historical facts is the first step.
Farm size has increased from 396 acres
in 1987 to 515 acres in 1997. The new census of agriculture being
conducted right now will probably show acceleration in this trend
and many others. The number of farms has had a corresponding
decrease from 949 in 1987 to 739 in 1997. Cropland has increased
from 78 percent of land in farms in '87 to almost 92 percent in '97.
The value of land and buildings has
increased from an average of $638,191 to $1,371,841 over the same
period. Even corrected for inflation, the value has increased about
$330,000 for each farm.
The biggest changes have come in the
livestock area. There are almost 40 percent fewer farms selling cattle and
calves, and over 50 percent fewer farms are selling hogs and pigs over this
10-year period. We are down to 76 farms in the county (as of 1997)
selling hogs, but these farms have increased swine sales almost 150
selling over 190,000 in 1997.
Probably the most telling numbers are
the per capita income figures for the county (all residents and not just
agriculture). The per capita income, when adjusted for inflation,
has increased less than $1,000 over the 20-year period from 1980 to
1999. This is an 11.2 percent increase over the 20 years.
The mapping exercise has an end goal of
planning to increase economic development in the area, so if anybody
has any ideas they would like to pass along please feel free to
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Jan. 14: Corn and Soybean
Classic, Bloomington, $50 fee, 333-2880 to register.
Jan. 14: Sheep Grazing Telenet,
telephone, 333-7351 to register.
Jan. 16: Strip Tillage Workshop,
Springfield, 782-6515 to register.
Jan. 18: Herb Day, Urbana, 333-7738
Jan. 23: Corn and Soybean Classic,
Springfield, $50 fee, 333-2880 to register.
Jan. 24: PAT training, DeWitt County,
935-5764 to register.
Jan. 24: Certified Livestock
Sangamon County, 1 (800) 345-6087 to register.
Jan. 29: Sustainable Ag Grant Writing,
Logan County, (217) 968-5512 for info.
Feb. 20: PAT training, Logan County,
732-8289 to register.
25: Crop Problems Diagnostics, Logan County, 732-8289 for information.
Feel free to call the
local Extension office at 732-8289 for information that is available on
USDA alarmed by slow sign-up
for major farm bill programs
WASHINGTON -- The U.S.
Department of Agriculture is concerned about the slow pace at which
farmers are signing up for major farm programs under the 2002 Farm
Bill and urges farmers to quickly begin the sign-up process in order
to receive intended benefits in a timely and efficient manner.
Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services
Undersecretary J.B. Penn, Deputy Undersecretary Hunt Shipman, and
Farm Service Agency Administrator Jim Little, along with various
state farm program directors, are urging producers from across the
country to sign up.
"For the sign-up process to proceed
smoothly, we need a steady flow of producers visiting their local
county FSA office from now to the April 1 deadline," said Jim
Little. "We want to avoid a last-minute crunch in the county
offices. Thus, the sooner producers contact their local FSA offices
and begin the sign-up process, the more our staff can be of help to
them to receive their intended benefits in a timely manner."
Little also reminded producers that
they can sign up for major programs now and still make changes to
their decisions any time until the April 1 closing date for base
acreage and yield updating. Also, producers may visit their local
FSA office multiple times to review information and discuss their
"Ensuring timely delivery of program
benefits is a top priority for USDA," said Agriculture Secretary Ann
M. Veneman. "As farmers wrap up this fall's challenges, we are
hopeful that the extensive outreach, education and training USDA has
conducted throughout the country will enable producers to quickly
focus on signing up for the program, which will help prevent long
lines at the county offices next spring."
The USDA team has developed extensive
new software, trained personnel and prepared directives for the many
new and existing programs. In addition, the department developed a
new website and conducted hundreds of outreach meetings to farmers
nationwide to provide information on how to comply with the new law
and the required changes in program participation.
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"If producers are putting forth a New
Year's resolution, we hope it is to understand the importance of
signing up early," said Penn. "USDA is committed to working at every
level to assist producers, but it is critical they contact their
local FSA office to begin processing individual program information
and updates needed to participate."
According to Little, reports to date
from individual states indicate that producer sign-up for the direct
and counter-cyclical programs is proceeding quite slowly. He said
there are several reasons to explain the slow pace, including the
late harvest in many parts of the country, which kept farmers in the
field longer than usual.
Additionally, the complexity of the new
programs requires more time for producers to gain understanding,
assemble the necessary information and make their decision, often
involving several different commodities and unknown future market
New computer-based tools also have been
developed to help producers analyze the economic consequences of the
new farm bill's updating options. USDA, in conjunction with Texas
A&M University, has made one such calculator available on the FSA
http://www.fsa.usda.gov/. Several other land grant
universities and commodity associations have developed similar tools
available to producers.
"All of us at USDA recognize the
importance of the new farm bill to America's producers, and we
remain fully committed to providing them with all the necessary
information and assistance throughout the implementation process,"
complete list of farm bill programs, benefits and information needed
for sign-up, please contact your local FSA office or service center
URBANA -- Hog prices may
benefit in the coming year from a reduction in supply pressure from
other meats and poultry, said a Purdue University Extension
"USDA is currently expecting beef
production to drop by 5.5 percent, with chicken production up only
1.4 percent and turkey unchanged," said Chris Hurt. "Added to the
decline in pork production, total meat and poultry supplies are
anticipated to drop by 1.6 percent.
"A decline in total U.S. production of
meat and poultry is rare. The last time this occurred was in 1982. A
drop of 1.6 percent in total meat and poultry production means about
a 2.5 percent drop in per capita supplies."
Hurt's comments came as he discussed
the outlook for hog prices in 2003.
"The new year brings renewed hope for a
return to profitability for hog producers," he said. "Last year was
another tough one, as hog slaughter reached 100.3 million, the
second highest annual count after the 101.6 million of 1999. Pork
production set a record at 19.7 billion pounds, surpassing 19.3
billion pounds in 1999."
Hog prices were depressed in 2002. The
annual average price for 51 percent to 52 percent lean hogs on a
live weight basis was $34.90 per hundredweight, $11 lower than in
2001. Another discouraging factor was an increase in estimated
production costs by about $1.50 per live hundredweight, to an
estimated $38.60. Losses for average costs for farrow-to-finish
producers taking spot prices were estimated at $3.70 per
hundredweight. The largest estimated
losses occurred in the last two quarters, with averages of $6.10 and
$8.20 per hundredweight, respectively.
"For 2003, price and profit prospects
brighten considerably because of both supply and demand factors,"
said Hurt. "Slaughter is expected to drop to 97.9 million, a 2.4
percent reduction. Pork production is projected to be at 19.4
billion pounds, a 1.6 percent reduction."
The decline in pork production is a
result of a declining breeding herd as the industry experienced
financial losses starting last spring, Hurt noted.
"In the last half of 2002, sow
slaughter averaged about 12 percent greater than during the same
period one year earlier," he said. "As a result, USDA reported that
the breeding herd had dropped 3.2 percent by Dec. 1. The total
number of animals in the herd stood at only six million, the lowest
number since USDA began tracking the breeding herd in 1963.
Farrowings in the fall of 2002 were down by 2.5 percent, and the
number of pigs per litter was constant at 8.83 pigs per litter.
Intentions are down 1 percent for the winter quarter and down 3
percent for the spring quarter."
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Prices for 51 percent to 52 percent
lean hogs on a live basis are expected to increase to near $40 for
the year. Price recovery in January and February into the mid-$30s
may be a bit slower than anticipated prior to the report. However,
Hurt noted, much of the price recovery for the year could come in
from March to June, perhaps reaching the mid-$40s by June.
Third-quarter prices are expected to
average near $40, with prices in the fall of 2003 falling back into
the mid- to higher $30s.
Hurt addressed the question of when the
highest prices on the next cycle might occur.
"The most recent loss period stretched
from the second quarter of 2002 through the first quarter of 2003,"
he said. "Generally, it takes about four to six quarters after the
loss period to reduce farrowings and six to eight quarters to
increase prices. These cycle guidelines would result in the highest
prices on the cycle in late 2003 and the first half of
2004. If so, once the industry turns
back to profits in the spring of 2003, we can expect a favorable
return period through the summer of 2004."
Given the tight carry-over situation
for both corn and soybeans, some ownership protection, especially on
corn, seems worthy of consideration at this time, Hurt said. Soybean
meal prices will be sensitive to weather in South America through
the winter, and corn prices will be sensitive to the pace of exports
and weather in the United States through next summer.
"A return to the depressed corn prices
of the 1998 to 2001 crops is not expected," he said. "At this point,
an average U.S. market price of about $2.25 per bushel is expected
for the 2003 crop rather than the sub-$2 of the abundant crop years.
This means that hog production costs, while dropping, will not
achieve the low levels experienced from 1998 to 2001."
Hurt noted that in the past he has
argued that producers should be cautious about using futures to
hedge when price prospects are improving as they are now.
because the ultimate cash market prices have tended to be higher
than anticipated by futures," he said. "Following this logic,
hedging with options tends to be preferred. Of course, everyone
wonders just how much faith to put in historical facts in the 'new'
hog industry, and thus each individual will have to evaluate the
opportunities to 'lock-in' profitable hog prices using futures or
options over the next 14 months."
of I news release]
Illinois Dairy Days set
URBANA -- "Solutions for Success" is the theme for the
2003 Illinois Dairy Days program scheduled for 10 sites in Illinois
in January. Each meeting will feature advice from specialists on
management, reproduction, economics and feed strategies.
"The dairy business
continues to face challenging times," said Michael Hutjens,
University of Illinois Extension diary specialist who organizes the
annual event. "This one-day meeting will help producers make the
most of their resources and remain a productive part of the dairy
In addition to U of I
Extension, the program is sponsored by the Department of Animal
Sciences, the College of Veterinary Medicine and the Illinois
Department of Public Health's Alternative Drug Residue Penalty Fund.
With the exception of
the Jerseyville site, each program begins at 9:45 a.m. and ends
about 3 p.m. The Jerseyville program begins at 7:30 p.m.
Hutjens; Darrel Kesler, U of I Extension reproduction specialist;
Dave Fischer, U of I Extension dairy educator; and Geoff Dahl, U of
I Extension dairy specialist. Commercial displays will also be
available for viewing.
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People interested in
registering or obtaining more information should contact their
local Extension office.
Dates and locations
Jan. 8 -- Effingham,
Knights of Columbus Hall
Jan. 9 -- El Paso,
Jan. 10 -- Arthur,
Yoder's Country Kitchen
Jan 14 -- Quincy,
Adams County Farm Bureau Building
Jan. 14 --
Jerseyville, Super 8 Motel (7:30 p.m.)
Jan. 15 -- Okawville,
Community Club Building
Jan. 16 -- Breese,
Jan. 21 -- Freeport,
Highland Community College
Jan. 22 -- Elizabeth,
Jan. 23 -- Harvard, Stratford Inn
of I news
Olympia FFA Alumni Chapter prepares
The Olympia FFA Alumni
Chapter met on Dec. 5 and 17 in the Olympia High School ag room,
with Todd Wibben presiding over the meetings. The chapter draws
members from parts of Logan, DeWitt, Tazewell, McLean and Woodford
In old business, the group talked about
raffle ticket sales at Thanksgiving basketball tournaments and at
the Stroll Into Christmas event in Minier. At the Christmas event
the door prize of a yard ornament went to Pat Peifer of Minier.
In new business the group discussed
plans for the FFA Alumni Chapter's banquet on Jan. 11 in the Olympia
Middle School cafeteria at Stanford.
The banquet will consist of a social
time, followed by a pork chop dinner with the trimmings, along with
a program, a silent auction and the drawing of prize winners for
raffle ticket items -- a 36" color TV, a chain saw and a maple tree.
for the chapter are Todd Wibben of Atlanta, president; Jeff Springer
of Minier, vice president; David Deal of Danvers, secretary; Jeff
Schnieder of Armington, treasurer; Kyle Haning of Delavan, reporter;
and Melvin Springer of Armington, member at large. The vo-ag
advisers are Chris Embry Mohr and Heather Obert.